In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of Kurdish civilians in different regions and cities across Iran.
This report includes all cases recorded and reported by KHRN from across Iran through its own sources and verification mechanisms from 1 October to 31 October.
The restrictive environment for independent human rights organisations in Iran, coupled with the pressures faced by individuals subjected to human rights violations and their families, make it difficult to publish accurate and comprehensive reports.
It is therefore important to note that the statistics and information presented in this report do not cover all cases of human rights violations. This report is based on a review of news and reports provided by the KHRN and a review of reports from other human rights organisations and news agencies.
According to KHRN’s findings, Iran executed at least nine prisoners on drug-related charges in the prisons of Hamadan, Rasht, Khorramabad, Karaj and Khoy during the month of October.
These are the executions the KHRN has been informed of by its sources. However, the number of those executed is likely to be higher.
On 28 October, Iranian state news agencies reported that a 16-year-old girl, Armita Geravand, had died after spending 28 days in a coma in the intensive care unit of Tehran’s Fajr Hospital.
Geravand was transferred to a military hospital on 1 October, and numerous news reports stated that she had been physically assaulted by government agents on the Shohada line of the Tehran metro because of her hijab.
According to various reports, Geravand had “no vital signs” from the moment she was admitted to the hospital and remained in a coma throughout her stay.
The British newspaper The Guardian reported on 5 October, citing two eyewitnesses, that Geravand had been subjected to a “physical assault” by a female morality police officer in a metro carriage. According to one witness, the morality police officer ‘violently pushed her’ after an argument.
Additionally, Iranian security forces arrested at least 15 activists and civilians, including Mohammad Geravand, a relative of Armita Geravand, during the teenager’s funeral at the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery in Tehran on 29 October.
At least four women have been killed by their male family members in Sardasht, Piranshahr, Bukan and Orumiyeh in the past month.
Kolbars and tradesmen
In October, at least three kolbars were shot dead and 13 others injured by Iranian border guards in the western border areas of the country.
On 17 October, Peshawa Aliyar, a civilian from Baneh, was killed by a landmine explosion in Sulaimaniya, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
On 20 October, Martin Hossein-Panahi, a 16-year-old child labourer, was killed in a factory accident in Sanandaj.
Detentions and arrests
Throughout October, Iranian forces arrested at least 29 activists and civilians, at least two of whom were imprisoned.
Last month, Iranian courts sentenced at least 11 people to prison terms ranging from four months to 10 years.
Also, civilian Gholamreza Rasaei and Kurdish political prisoner Nayeb Askari were sentenced to death.
Askari, who was previously sentenced to death in absentia by the Branch Two of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Orumiyeh, West Azerbaijan Province, on charges of “armed insurrection” through membership of the Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK), was sentenced to death again following a retrial request and several in-person court sessions at the same branch.
|Name||From||Charged with||Execution date||Execution location||Explanation|
|1||Hossein Bahremand||Rabat, Sardasht||Drugs||11 Oct||Hamedan|
|2||Hossein Mohammadi||Bukan||Drugs||12 Oct||Lakan, Rasht|
|3||Yasser Golzardian||Kuhdasht||Drugs||17 Oct||Khorramabad||Executed after about 6 years of imprisonment|
|4||Sajjad Moradi||Drugs||17 Oct||Khorramabad|
|5||Fathollah Rashno||Kuhdasht||Drugs||19 Oct||Khorramabad|
|6||Vahid Kakavand||Kuhdasht||Drugs||19 Oct||Khorramabad|
|7||Khosrow Naghiani||Kuhdasht||Drugs||22 Oct||Karaj Central Penitentiary||30 years old, executed after about 5 years of imprisonment|
|8||A. M.||Drugs||24 Oct||Khoy|
|9||Khalil Mohammadi||Harsin||Drugs||30 Oct||Khorramabad|
|1||Armita Geravand||Tehran||28 Oct||16-year-old girl, beaten by morality police and died after 28 days in a coma|
|1||Shahin Ebrahimzadeh||Sardasht||5 Oct||21 years old, suffocated by father and uncle|
|2||Truskeh Abdollahzadeh||Piranshahr||14 Oct||21-year-old victim of child bride, suffocated and beaten to death bu father and uncle|
|3||Sima Abbasi||Bukan||21 Oct||Allegedly burnt herself for family disputes|
|4||Vida Dehghan Piranjough||Orumiyeh||24 Oct||Killed by brother|
|Name||From||Incident location||Incident date||Died/Injured||Explanation|
|1||Rahman Jamshidi||Paveh||Nowdasheh||1 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|2||Mohammad Khaledi||Baneh||Hangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh||1 Oct||Killed||Shot by border guards|
|3||Fayegh Ali-Mohammadi||Saqqez||Bastam, Saqez||4 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|4||Mowloud Bishir||Piranshahr||Delavan, Piranshahr||5 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|5||Safar Rostami||Sarpol-e Zahab||Hangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh||7 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|6||Amir Karimi||Sarvabad||Anjiran, Marivan||7 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|7||Mohsen Valiollahi||Javanrud||Nowsud, Baneh||9 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|8||Behrouz Moradi||Salas-e Babajani||Paveh||12 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|9||Emad Mahmoudi||Salas-e Babajani||Paveh||12 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|10||Hedayat Ghaderi||Salas-e Babajani||Paveh||12 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|11||Kamal Ashtari||Bukan||Hangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh||15 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|12||Farid Vatani Rasoul||Marivan||Nashkash village in Marivan||18 Oct||Killed||Shot by border guards|
|13||Zanko Gohari||Baneh||Hangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh||23 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|14||Mohsen Abdollahi||Baneh||Kileh border, Baneh||24 Oct||Killed||Shot by border guards|
|15||Sarvar Sharifi||Baneh||Kileh border, Baneh||28 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|16||Erfan Moradi||Javanrud||Nowsud, Baneh||30 Oct||Injured||Shot by border guards|
|Name||Incident location||Incident date||Died/Injured||Explanation|
|1||Peshawa Aliyar||Sulaymaniya, Kurdistan Region of Iraq||17 Oct||Died||25 years old, from Baneh|
|Name||Incident location||Incident date||Died/Injured||Explanation|
|1||Martin Hossein Panahi||Sanandaj||20 Oct||Died||A 16-year-old child laborer died in a factory accident|
Detentions and arrests
|Name||Detention location||Detention date||Activity||Location held and latest status|
|1||Farhad Shiri||Divandarreh||1 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|2||Ahmad Taklifi||Abdanan||2 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|3||Keyvan Rahimi||Saqqez||5 Oct||Media activist||Unknown|
|4||Milad Rahimi||Qorveh||7 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|5||Ali Baradaran||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|6||Ali Sarvi||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|7||Aref Zamani||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|8||Amin Ghahremani||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|9||Marouf Salemi||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|10||Zahed Majnouni||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|11||Mehdi Majnouni||Takab||Early Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|12||Ayoub Ahmadi||Sanandaj||8 Oct||Civilian||Taken to Miandoab prison|
|13||Pouya Khezri||Mahabad||10 Oct||Civilian||Transferred to a security detention center in Orumiyeh|
|14||Peshawa Ebrahimpour||Mahabad||10 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|15||Nasser Sargaran||Saqqez||11 Oct||Lawyer, professor, rights activist for people with disabilities||Released|
|16||Eghbal Majidi||Sanandaj||14 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|17||Amyar Abdollahzadeh||Qorveh||15 Oct||Student||Summoned to Ministry of Education at 09:00, where he was arrested and beaten by the security forces. As a result of the beating, he suffered kidney bleeding and was released at 15:00.|
|18||Mehdi Ghanbari||Qorveh||17 Oct||Civilian||Transfered to Ministry of Intelligence Detention Center in Sanandaj|
|19||Nima Khaledian||Qorveh||17 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|20||Yasin Samsam||Oshnavieh||21 Oct||Civilian||Sent to prison to serve a 4-year and 9-month prison sentence|
|21||Wrya Ebrahimi||Sanandaj||23 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|22||Hossein Bourkeh||Piranshahr||23 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|23||Saman Mohammadi||Sanandaj||28 Oct||Environmental activist||Unknown|
|24||Mohammad Geravand||Tehran||29 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|25||Milad Morovvati||Mahabad||30 Oct||Civilian||Released|
|26||Hawre Toreh||Mahabad||30 Oct||Civilian||Released|
|27||Alan Hamajani||Mahabad||30 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|28||Pouria Nasiri||Mahabad||30 Oct||Civilian||Unknown|
|29||Mohsen Ghaderi||Piranshahr||31 Oct||Civilian||Sent to prison to serve a 2-year and 6-month prison sentence|
|Name||Resident of||Charged with||Date sentenced||Issuing court||Sentence||Explanation|
|1||Sakineh Parvaneh||Quchan||Assembly and collusion against national security, propaganda against the Islamic Republic, insulting the leadership||6 Oct||Branch One of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Mashhad||7 years and 6 months imprisonment||Suspended for three years|
|2||Yousef Bakri||Mahabad||Collaboration with PDKI, participation in the Women Life Freedom movement||Early October||Branch One of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Mahabad||40 months imprisonment|
|3||Gholamreza Rasaei||Sahneh||Participating in premeditated murder, participating in the intentional infliction of non-fatal injuries, demonstrating strength with a knife, disrupting public order by creating chaos and commotion||7 Oct||Branch Two of Kermanshah Criminal Court One||Death penalty, payment of blood money, 1 year imprisonment and 74 lashes|
|4||Edris Menbari||Sanandaj||Disturbing public order||9 Oct||Branch 106 of Sanandaj Criminal Court Two||1 year imprisonment, exile to Dizel Abad prison in Kermanshah and 40 lashes|
|5||Amirhossein Mousaviyan||Abdanan||Propaganda against the Islamic Republic and insulting Ali Khamenei||16 Oct||Branch Two of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Ilam||16 months imprisonment, which 13 months is suspended and the other 3 reduced to fines|
|6||Nayeb Askari||Orumiyeh||Baghi through PJAK membership||16 Oct||Branch Two of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Orumiyeh||Sentenced to death again|
|7||Mikail Menbari||Sanandaj||Membership in one of the opposition Kurdish parties, propaganda against the state||17 Oct||Branch One of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj||6 years of suspended imprisonment and additional punishment of two years of ban on leaving the country and continuous appearance in Ministry of Intelligence for 4 months|
|8||Saleh Nikbakht||Tehran||Propaganda against the state||17 Oct||Branch 28 of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tehran||1 year imprisonment and additional punishment of ban on social media activities for 2 years|
|9||Yasser Nouri||Javanrud||Propaganda against the state||25 Oct||Branch Four of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Kermanshah||4 months in prison|
|10||Srwa Pour-Mohammadi||Sanandaj||Forming or participating in groups or associations with the aim of undermining national security||26 Oct||Branch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj||10 years in prison||Member of Nozhin Socio-Cultural Association|
|11||Edris Menbari||Sanandaj||Forming or participating in groups or associations with the aim of undermining national security||26 Oct||Branch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj||10 years in prison||Member of Nozhin Socio-Cultural Association|
|12||Shafi Babakri||Oshnavieh||Membership in one of the opposition Kurdish parties||30 Oct||Islamic Revolutionary Court in Oshnavieh||2 years in prison, 240 million rials fine|