Freedom of Expression Archives – KHRN

August 28, 2023

Security forces arrest Kurdish Sunni cleric in Bukan

Security forces raided the home of Kurdish Sunni cleric Mohammad Sharifi in Bukan, West Azerbaijan Province, arresting him without a warrant on 27 August. Sources indicate that during the operation, officers forced their way into the cleric’s home, breaking doors and windows in the process. They also confiscated his personal belongings. Details of the charges brought against Sharifi and his current whereabouts remain unknown. The incident follows…

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May 18, 2023

Iran clergy court summons two Sunni Kurdish clerics

The Special Clerical Court of Hamadan, in west Iran, has recently summoned Sunni Kurdish clerics Madeh Karami and Abdoljabbar Lotfi for their support of anti-government protests. Karami, the imam of the village of Huyeh in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, was summoned to appear in court on 21 May. Lotfi, a teacher and imam at the Ershad mosque in Sanandaj, has been summoned to the clerics’ court for…

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May 11, 2023

Iran clergy court sentences Sunni Kurdish cleric to suspended jail term

The Special Clerical Court in Hamadan in western Iran sentenced Sunni Kurdish cleric Seyyed Jalal Akbari to two years suspended imprisonment on charges of “propaganda against the state” on 10 May. Akbari, the imam of a mosque in the village of Degagah in Sarvabad, Kurdistan province, was tried on 10 May and was informed of the court’s decision on the same day. Since late March, the…

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September 12, 2022

Kurdish journalist accused of ‘propaganda’ questioned over his work

The interrogation session of the Kurdish journalist Ejlal Ghavami was carried out at Branch 5 of the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, on 11 September. Ghavami is accused of “propaganda against the state”. Reportedly, the Prosecutor’s Office cited some of the journalist’s writings and his signature on several statements as examples leading to this accusation. After the investigation session, Ghavami was temporarily released…

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April 21, 2022

Iran threatens Telegram admins over publishing kolbar news

At the same time as the intensification of the Iranian military forces targeting kolbars in the country’s western border areas, the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance in Sardasht, West Azerbaijan province, have threatened admins of Telegram news channels over publishing information on the shootings. In the past week, Iran’s Border Guard Command forces…

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September 1, 2021

Iran cyber police interrogate Kurdish journalist over articles

Iranian Cyber Police (FATA) has summoned and interrogated today Kurdish journalist and environmental activist Mohammad Mamandzadeh in Sardasht, West Azerbaijan province. FATA summoned the journalist on the Sardasht public prosecutor’s orders over publishing an article on the Bzhwen telegram channel about water cuts and a project to transfer water from the Littel Zab River. The Kurdish activist was released after interrogation and pledging. In recent days, Rabat…

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July 5, 2021

Kurdish Yarsani activists go on hunger strike in solidarity with jailed activist

The Yarsan Civil Rights Activists’ Advisory Council said in a statement that a group of its members, along with several other Yarsani activists, have gone on hunger strike yesterday for 48 hours in support of and in solidarity with Kheyrollah Haghjouyan, a detained member of the council. Haghjouyan had gone on hunger strike since his arrest on 28 June, protesting against his detention. He continues…

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June 7, 2021

Iran interrogates Kurdish civilians over publishing information on boycotting presidential elections, say sources

Sources of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) in various cities of Iranian Kurdistan report that a score of civilians have been summoned and interrogated by security agencies over the past month for allegedly publishing information in favour of boycotting the upcoming presidential election. According to these sources, in the past month, the offices of the Ministry of Intelligence and the Intelligence Organisation of the…

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March 26, 2021

Newroz celebrations carried out despite security atmosphere, summons, detentions

Iranian intelligence agencies have summoned more than 50 Kurdish activists in many Kurdish cities before Newroz celebrations, threatening them and banning the celebrations. Every year on 20 March, Kurds in different regions celebrate Newroz (known as Nowruz in Persian) by lighting fire and dancing. But as in the years before, the Intelligence Office and the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) have…

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PUBLICATIONS

Monthly Report of June 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of May 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of April 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Kurdistan Human Rights Network’s Annual Report

This report addresses the violations of the human rights of Kurdish civilians in Iran during the Iranian year 1402 (21 March 2023 – 19…

Monthly Report of March 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of February 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Extrajudicial executions: Ra’uf Sheikhi killing

Joint explanation of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN, or Network) and the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran (ABC, or Center):…

Monthly Report of January 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Special report: 23 women killed, dozens arrested, sentenced, fired from jobs

This report details cases of femicide, suspicious deaths of women, as well as the arrest and imprisonment of Kurdish women activists and their removal…

Kurdistan Human Rights Network’s Annual Report – 2023

This 2023 report details human rights violations of the Kurds in Iran. As in previous years, the violations span across the spectrum of linguistic,…

Monthly Report of December 2023

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of June 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of Kurdish civilians in different regions and cities across Iran.

This report includes all cases recorded and reported by KHRN from across Iran through its own sources and verification mechanisms from 1 June to 30 June.

The restrictive environment for independent human rights organisations in Iran, coupled with the pressures faced by individuals subjected to human rights violations and their families, make it difficult to publish accurate and comprehensive reports.

It is therefore important to note that the statistics and information presented in this report do not cover all cases of human rights violations. This report is the result of examining news and reports published by the KHRN and fact-checking of reports published by other human rights organisations and news websites.

Femicide

In June, two women were killed by their husbands in Piranshahr and Sanandaj over alleged “family disputes”.

Kolbars and tradesmen

During this period, at least two kolbars were shot dead and nine kolbars were injured by Iranian border guards.

Of the injured, three were shot while six others were beaten by the border guards.

Civilian killings

In early June, at least two Kurdish civilians were killed by Iranian border guards in Oshnavieh.

On 2 June, Mohammad Ali Shiro was shot and wounded by border guards while collecting spring plants.

On 8 June, Jafar Gardi was shot and wounded by border guards on the suspicion of carrying contraband.

Landmine explosions

On 17 June, Hadi Ghoncheh-Doust, a civilian, was killed in a landmine explosion in Baneh.

Detentions and arrests

Throughout June, Iranian forces arrested at least 14 individuals, including two Yarsani civilians, an activist and a 73-year-old man.

At least two of the detained civilians were sent to Naqadeh Prison to serve prison sentences.

Sentences

Over the past month, Iranian courts have sentenced at least nine people to punishments ranging from one year to three years and four months in prison.

Meanwhile, in early June, the Amnesty Commission overturned the death sentence of Kurdish Sunni cleric Mohammad Khezrnezhad.

  • Femicide
  • Kolbars and tradesmen
  • Civilian killings
  • Landmine explosions
  • Detentions and arrests
  • Sentences
NameIncident locationIncident dateExplanation
1Leyla PaymardPiranshahr16 June 32 years old, mother of two daughters aged 13 and 9, was set on fire by her husband due to family disputes and died four days later in Orumiyeh hospital
2Narmin PirahmanSanandaj23 JuneKilled by husband with multiple stab wounds in front of an office in Sanandaj as a result of “family dispute and conflict over divorce”
NameFromIncident locationIncident dateDead/InjuredExplanation
1Mozaffar Asad-RokhMarivanMarivan3 JuneInjuredShot by border guards
2Parviz GhaderiSaqqezBaneh4 JuneInjuredShot by border guards
3 Salah (surname unknown)Sarvabad, MarivanTateh, Hawraman, Marivan4 JuneInjuredShot by border guards
4Hazhir MahmoudpourJavanrudNowsud5 JuneKilledShot by border guards
5Shadman PayaMarivanTateh, Hawraman, Marivan10 JuneInjuredBeaten by border guards
6Naseh (surname unknown)Kalatrazan, SanandajTateh, Hawraman, Marivan10 JuneInjuredBeaten by border guards
7Arman HosseiniSaqqezBaneh11 JuneInjuredShot by border guards
8Arkan BalvasehMarivanTateh, Hawraman, Marivan21 JuneKilled29 years old, not carrying goods, shot by border guards
9Mohammad KakiBanehBaneh26 JuneInjured21 years old, shot by border guards
10Omid MoradiMarivanTateh, Hawraman, Marivan28 JuneInjuredBeaten by border guards
11Shirzad ChawshiniBanehBaneh29 JuneInjuredBeaten and shot by border guards
NameFromLocationDateOrganizationExplanation
1Mohammad Ali ShiroOshnaviehOshnavieh2 JuneOshnavieh border guardsShot and wounded by border guards while collecting spring plants
2Jafar GardiOshnaviehOshnavieh8 JuneOshnavieh border guardsShot and wounded by border guards on the suspicion of carrying contraband
NameFromLocation of incidentDate of incidentStatus
1Hadi Ghoncheh-DoustBanehBaneh17 JuneKilled
NameFromDetention locationDetention dateActivityLocation held and latest status
1Matin (Zanyar) MehdizadehOshnaviehOshnavieh2 JuneCivilian
2Adel Haji KhelaniSi Sar village, SardashtSardasht2 JuneCivilian
3Younes NabizadehDalo villageOrumiyeh6 JuneCivilian
4Reza BabrnezhadQuchanQuchan6 JuneFamily member of killed civilian
5Heidar FatahiMarivanMarivan8 JuneCivilian
6Mohammad Amin MohammadiPiranshahrPiranshahr10 June73-year-old civilianTaken to Naqadeh Prison to serve 2 years
7Farid BadidastDivandarrehDivandarreh12 JuneCivilian
8Pourya MennatiSahnehKermanshahJuneYarsani civilian
9Shoja MennatiSahnehKermanshahJuneYarsani civilian
10Jafar (Dara) AminiBukanBukan15 JuneFormer political prisoner and civil rights activist
11Esmaeil Pour-AbdollahBukanBukanMid-JuneCivilian
12Salah SouriPiranshahrPiranshahrMid-JuneCivilian
13Edris DadrasMarivanMarivan25 JuneCivilian, beaten during arrest
14Akam KhezrnezhadPiranshahrPiranshahr30 JuneCivilianTaken to Naqadeh Prison to serve 2 years
NameResident ofCharged withDate sentencedIssuing courtSentenceExplanation
1Mohammad KhezrnezhadBukanSpreading corruption on earth, harming the integrity of the country’s independence, propaganda against the stateEarly JuneAmnesty CommissionCancellation of the death sentenceKurdish Sunni cleric
2Yousef Haji-KhoshOshnaviehAction against national security through collaboration with one of the opposition partiesMid-JuneIslamic Revolutionary Court in Oshnavieh3 years and 4 months imprisonment Member of the Central Council and Executive Board of the United Kurdish Front
3Farhad SheikhiSaqqezPropaganda against the Islamic Republic of IranMid-JuneBranch One of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Karaj1 year imprisonment, 2 years ban on leaving Iran, 2 years life in exile Divandarreh, ban on living in Alborz and Tehran provinces for two yearsLabour activist
4Morteza SeyyediKamyaranForming a group with the intention of disrupting the security of the country22 JuneBranch Two of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Shahriar2 years of imprisonment including previous detentionLabour activist
5Mehdi MajidiBukanSupporting the Israeli government, propaganda against the state, insulting the leadership23 JuneCourt of Appeal of Orumiyeh Confirmation of the sentence of 3 years imprisonmentCivilian
6Matin HassaniBukanEnticing or inciting people to fight and kill each other with the intention of disrupting the country’s security, propaganda against the state25 JuneBranch 101 of Criminal Court Two in Bukan31 months imprisonment