In February, 10 Kurdish activists were detained and 12 activists who had previously been released on bail were sentenced to prison terms. Also three people – including two military personnel – lost their lives in landmine explosions while three others were injured in the past month. Furthermore, three Kurdish civilians were killed by Iranian security forces.
In February, 10 Kurdish activists were arrested by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Three of these activists were transferred to Naqadeh Prison to serve their prison sentences, while seven others were taken to secret detention centres of the Ministry of Intelligence and the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in the cities of Orumiyeh, Sanandaj, and Marivan.
Names and detention dates and locations of these activists are as follows:
|Name||Detention date||Detention location|
|Salim Sharifi||1 February||Oshnavieh|
|Roya Jalali||2 February||Sanandaj|
|Shahab Ahmadi||2 February||Mahabad|
|Arezoo Mostafaei||6 February||Marivan|
|Taha Atash-Afrouz||7 February||Piranshahr|
|Ali Azarbarzin||8 February||Piranshahr|
|Seyyed Najmaddin Hosseini||8 February||Piranshahr|
|Behzad Advaei||23 February||Sarvabad|
|Mohammad Mangor Kurdistani||23 February||Piranshahr|
|Ahmad Abdollahpour||27 February||Piranshahr|
In February, 12 activists, who had previously been detained and are currently on bail, were sentenced to three months to five years in prison.
Names, charges, and sentences of these activists are as follows:
|Ahmad Mohammadi||Spying for a Kurdish opposition party||Five years in prison|
|Faranak Jamshidi||Membership in a Kurdish opposition party and propaganda against the state|
|Mohammad Mansouri||Unknown||Dismissal from work|
|Hashem Moradi||Membership in a Kurdish opposition party||Five years in prison|
|Esmail Mohammadpour||Membership in a Kurdish opposition party||Five years in prison|
|Ali Bayazidpour||Membership in a Kurdish opposition party||Five years in prison|
|Khezr Qaderi-Azar||Membership in a Kurdish opposition party||Five years in prison|
|Shafi Mohammadnezhad||Membership in a Kurdish opposition party||Five years in prison|
|Zara Mohammadi||Forming groups and association for disrupting national security||Reduced 10 years imprisonment to five|
|Hossein Hassankhani||Propaganda against the state||Three months in prison|
|Taher Hosseinzadeh||Propaganda against the state||One year and one day in prison|
|Shahnaz Sadeqifar||Actiing against national security||Reduced 15 years imprisonment to five years and one day|
In the past month, one citizen and two Iranian military personnel lost their lives and three Kurdish civilians were injured in landmine explosions in the border areas with Iraq.
Names and status of these people and the dates and locations of the incidents are as follows:
|Name||Dead/injured||Location of explosion||Date of explosion|
|Nader Bararian||Dead||Mehran||12 February|
|Alireza Golmohammadi||Dead||Mehran||18 February|
|Mohammad Haj-Ghasemi||Dead||Mehran||18 February|
|Unknown||Injured||Qasr-e Shirin||21 February|
|Unknown||Injured||Qasr-e Shirin||22 February|
Killing of civilians by security forces
Iranian security forces killed three Kurdish civilians throughout February.
On 24 February, security-military officers of the Hamzeh Seyyed al-Shohada base of the IRGC in West Azerbaijan province targeted the vehicle of brothers Abdollah Naderi and Osman Naderi with machineguns while they were driving to the village of Shinabad of Piranshahr. They were shot dead on the location of the incidence.
The Ministry of Intelligence of the Islamic Republic of Iran issued a statement on the same day claiming that these individuals intended to carry out an armed attack on an Iranian military post after entering Iran from the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Sources from the region refuted these claims and told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) that the security forces opened fire on the vehicle of the two brothers without any prior warning, adding that no shots were fired by the brothers.
Separately, on 6 February, police shot Kurdish civilian Behzad Hatami Asl while he was traveling by his car from Khoy to Mako, causing his car to overturn. He was taken to a hospital in Khoy after being injured, but died a few days later due to the severity of his injuries.