Freedom of Expression Archives – KHRN

August 28, 2023

Security forces arrest Kurdish Sunni cleric in Bukan

Security forces raided the home of Kurdish Sunni cleric Mohammad Sharifi in Bukan, West Azerbaijan Province, arresting him without a warrant on 27 August. Sources indicate that during the operation, officers forced their way into the cleric’s home, breaking doors and windows in the process. They also confiscated his personal belongings. Details of the charges brought against Sharifi and his current whereabouts remain unknown. The incident follows…

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May 18, 2023

Iran clergy court summons two Sunni Kurdish clerics

The Special Clerical Court of Hamadan, in west Iran, has recently summoned Sunni Kurdish clerics Madeh Karami and Abdoljabbar Lotfi for their support of anti-government protests. Karami, the imam of the village of Huyeh in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, was summoned to appear in court on 21 May. Lotfi, a teacher and imam at the Ershad mosque in Sanandaj, has been summoned to the clerics’ court for…

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May 11, 2023

Iran clergy court sentences Sunni Kurdish cleric to suspended jail term

The Special Clerical Court in Hamadan in western Iran sentenced Sunni Kurdish cleric Seyyed Jalal Akbari to two years suspended imprisonment on charges of “propaganda against the state” on 10 May. Akbari, the imam of a mosque in the village of Degagah in Sarvabad, Kurdistan province, was tried on 10 May and was informed of the court’s decision on the same day. Since late March, the…

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September 12, 2022

Kurdish journalist accused of ‘propaganda’ questioned over his work

The interrogation session of the Kurdish journalist Ejlal Ghavami was carried out at Branch 5 of the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office in Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, on 11 September. Ghavami is accused of “propaganda against the state”. Reportedly, the Prosecutor’s Office cited some of the journalist’s writings and his signature on several statements as examples leading to this accusation. After the investigation session, Ghavami was temporarily released…

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April 21, 2022

Iran threatens Telegram admins over publishing kolbar news

At the same time as the intensification of the Iranian military forces targeting kolbars in the country’s western border areas, the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance in Sardasht, West Azerbaijan province, have threatened admins of Telegram news channels over publishing information on the shootings. In the past week, Iran’s Border Guard Command forces…

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September 1, 2021

Iran cyber police interrogate Kurdish journalist over articles

Iranian Cyber Police (FATA) has summoned and interrogated today Kurdish journalist and environmental activist Mohammad Mamandzadeh in Sardasht, West Azerbaijan province. FATA summoned the journalist on the Sardasht public prosecutor’s orders over publishing an article on the Bzhwen telegram channel about water cuts and a project to transfer water from the Littel Zab River. The Kurdish activist was released after interrogation and pledging. In recent days, Rabat…

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July 5, 2021

Kurdish Yarsani activists go on hunger strike in solidarity with jailed activist

The Yarsan Civil Rights Activists’ Advisory Council said in a statement that a group of its members, along with several other Yarsani activists, have gone on hunger strike yesterday for 48 hours in support of and in solidarity with Kheyrollah Haghjouyan, a detained member of the council. Haghjouyan had gone on hunger strike since his arrest on 28 June, protesting against his detention. He continues…

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June 7, 2021

Iran interrogates Kurdish civilians over publishing information on boycotting presidential elections, say sources

Sources of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) in various cities of Iranian Kurdistan report that a score of civilians have been summoned and interrogated by security agencies over the past month for allegedly publishing information in favour of boycotting the upcoming presidential election. According to these sources, in the past month, the offices of the Ministry of Intelligence and the Intelligence Organisation of the…

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March 26, 2021

Newroz celebrations carried out despite security atmosphere, summons, detentions

Iranian intelligence agencies have summoned more than 50 Kurdish activists in many Kurdish cities before Newroz celebrations, threatening them and banning the celebrations. Every year on 20 March, Kurds in different regions celebrate Newroz (known as Nowruz in Persian) by lighting fire and dancing. But as in the years before, the Intelligence Office and the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) have…

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PUBLICATIONS

Monthly Report of April 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Kurdistan Human Rights Network’s Annual Report

This report addresses the violations of the human rights of Kurdish civilians in Iran during the Iranian year 1402 (21 March 2023 – 19…

Monthly Report of March 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of February 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Extrajudicial executions: Ra’uf Sheikhi killing

Joint explanation of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN, or Network) and the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran (ABC, or Center):…

Monthly Report of January 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Special report: 23 women killed, dozens arrested, sentenced, fired from jobs

This report details cases of femicide, suspicious deaths of women, as well as the arrest and imprisonment of Kurdish women activists and their removal…

Kurdistan Human Rights Network’s Annual Report – 2023

This 2023 report details human rights violations of the Kurds in Iran. As in previous years, the violations span across the spectrum of linguistic,…

Monthly Report of December 2023

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of November 2023

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Extrajudicial Executions: Rebaz Salehivand Killing

Joint explanation of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (Network) and the “Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran (ABC): This case is a…

Monthly Report of April 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of Kurdish civilians in different regions and cities across Iran.

This report includes all cases recorded and reported by KHRN from across Iran through its own sources and verification mechanisms from 1 April to 30 April.

The restrictive environment for independent human rights organisations in Iran, coupled with the pressures faced by individuals subjected to human rights violations and their families, make it difficult to publish accurate and comprehensive reports.

It is therefore important to note that the statistics and information presented in this report do not cover all cases of human rights violations. This report is the result of examining news and reports published by the KHRN and fact-checking of reports published by other human rights organisations and news websites.

Executions

According to KHRN’s findings, Iran executed at least six prisoners in April, four on drug-related charges and two for “premeditated murder”.

The executions took place in prisons in Orumiyeh, Hamadan, Kerman, Karaj, Saqqez, and Ardabil.

*Explanation: The KHRN, recognizing the fundamental right to life, publishes and records news and execution statistics without regard to the ethnic background of individuals and the location of the execution. All cases reported to the organisation by credible sources are published after thorough fact-checking.

Landmine explosions

In the past month, landmine explosions killed a civilian in Gilan-e Gharb and injured another in Saqqez.

Kolbars and tradesmen

During this period, at least four kolbars were shot dead by Iranian border guards and 22 kolbars were injured.

Of the injured, 18 were shot by Iranian border guards, two fell from heights at the border, one was beaten and one was injured during the pursuit of the border guards.

Detentions and arrests

Throughout April, Iranian forces arrested at least 45 civilians, including eight activists, a journalist, and a former political prisoner.

At least 13 of the detained civilians were sent to prisons in Oshnavieh and Naqadeh to serve prison sentences.

Sentences

In the past month, Iranian courts have sentenced at least 10 people to punishments ranging from three months to 10 years in prison.

Among those sentenced was Kurdish rapper Saman Yasin, who was sentenced to five years of exile imprisonment in Babak, Kerman Province, by the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tehran after one year and seven months of detention.

  • Executions
  • Landmine explosions
  • Kolbars and tradesmen
  • Detentions and arrests
  • Sentences
NameFromCharged withExecution dateExecution locationExplanation
1Afshin Bagh-e ShirinKangavarDrug trafficking13 AprOrumiyeh Central Prison39 years old, executed after 6 years of imprisonment
2Arsalan HashemiKermanshahDrug trafficking14 AprHamadan Central Prison31 years old, executed after 4 years of imprisonment
3Jamal MardaniMiandoabDrug trafficking21 AprKerman Central Prison54 years old, married and father of 4 children, arrested about 4 years ago
4Pezhman AziziKangavarPremeditated murder24 AprGhezel Hesar Prison in Karaj22 years old, arrested 3 years ago for premeditated murder
5Farzad KhademiSaqqezPremeditated murder25 AprSaqqez PrisonArrested in July 2020 for premeditated murder
6Faramarz MoradiSalmasDrug trafficking30 AprArdabil Central PrisonExecuted after 4 years of imprisonment
NameLocation of incidentDate of incidentStatusExplanation
1Akhtar MoradiGilan-e GharbGilan-e Gharb21 AprKilled
2Keyvan HarmiduliSaqqezSaqqez22 AprInjured
NameFromIncident locationIncident dateDead/InjuredExplanation
1Karim MohammadiMarivanNowsud3 AprInjuredFell from border heights
2Ahadi (name unknown)MarivanNowsud5 AprInjuredFell from border heights
3Fardin VeysiSanandajBaneh6 AprInjuredShot by border guards
4Omid SaeidiSanandajSaqqez13 AprKilledShot by border guards
5Mehrdad AbdollahzadehSardashtSardasht13 AprKilledShot by border guards
6Asaad RahpeykarMarivanMarivan15 AprInjuredBeaten
7Seyvan Dast-AfkanMarivanMarivan17 AprKilledShot by border guards, father of one child
8Mohammad RahimiSaqqezBaneh17 AprInjuredInjured during the pursuit of border guards
9Keyvan DarabiSarpol-e ZahabBaneh18 AprInjuredShot by border guards
10Mohammad (surname unknown)JavanrudNowsud19 AprInjuredShot by border guards
11Moein SharifiJavanrudNowsud19 AprInjuredShot by border guards
12Saeid (surname unknown)JavanrudNowsud19 AprInjuredShot by border guards
13Shwana AhmadpourBanehBaneh21 AprKilledShot by border guards, 34-year-old father of one child
14Khalil ParviziMarivanTateh, Hawraman, Marivan22 AprInjuredShot by border guards
15Ali MohammadiMarivanTateh, Hawraman, Marivan24 AprInjuredShot by border guards
16Sasan MohammadiBanehMarivan24 AprInjuredShot by border guards
17Taher KarimiPavehTateh, Hawraman, Marivan25 AprInjuredShot by border guards
18Mehran BahramiSaqqezBaneh28 AprInjuredShot by border guards
19Parsa HosseiniPavehNowsud28 AprInjured16 years old, Shot by border guards
20Sahand (surname unknown)PavehNowsud28 AprInjured16 years old, Shot by border guards
21Nima AlmasiSalas-e BabajaniNowsud29 AprInjuredShot by border guards
22Milad RahimiBanehBaneh29 AprInjured19 years old, Shot by border guards
23Mohammad MohammadiPavehNowsud29 AprInjuredShot by border guards
24Ayoub (surname unknown)JavanrudNowsud29 AprInjuredShot by border guards
25Khalil MohammadiSalas-e BabajaniNowsud29 AprInjuredShot by border guards
26Mahan MoradiJavanrudNowsud29 AprInjured18 years old, Shot by border guards
NameFromDetention locationDetention dateActivityLocation held and latest status
1Hawram Mehr-NavaeiBukanBukan2 AprCivilian
2Faraj ArsanIlamIlam3 AprCivilian
3Kamran BadboroutMalekshahi, IlamIlam3 AprCivilian
4Ramyar MohammadzadehPiranshahrPiranshahrEarly AprCivilian
5Moslem Jafari RamashtiKhoyKhoy4 AprCivilian
6Shwana BabakriOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 6 months in prison
7Shafi BabakriOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 6 months in prison
8Saleh SakhavatOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 3 months in prison
9Soran BanginiOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 3 months in prison
10Hiva SharifiOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 3 months in prison
11Shahram EbrahimiOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 3 months in prison
12Shahin EbrahimiOshnaviehOshnavieh4 AprCivilianTaken to Oshnavieh Prison to serve 6 months in prison
13Loghman GhanbariSarpol-e ZahabSarpol-e Zahab7 AprWriter, translatorReleased with a written undertaking after a day of interrogation in the detention center of IRGC Intelligence Organisation
14Mostafa HamdiSaqqezSaqqez7 AprMedia activist, admin of Porseman Telegram group
15Rasoul GallehbanOrumiyehOrumiyeh7 AprKurdish journalistArrested after being summoned to cyber police
16Kamal LotfiDehgolanQorveh9 AprFather of killed protester Reza LotfiArrested after being summoned to Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office in Qorveh
17Mohsen AhmadiIlamIlam10 AprCivil rights activist
18Mousa JalilianBukanBukan10 AprCivilian
19Pouria SafaeiQorvehUnknown10 AprCivilian
20Saman OveysiMahabadMahabad11 AprCivilianArrested after being summoned to IRGC Intelligence Organization in Mahabad
21Salman OlfatiGilan-e GharbGilan-e Gharb12 AprRetired teacher, civil rights activistArrested by the forces of the IRGC Intelligence Organization
22Mohyeddin MaroufniaPiranshahrPiranshahr13 AprCivilianTemporarily released on a bail of 10 billion rials on 17 April
23Khadijeh MehdipourIlamTehran16 AprFormer political prisonerArrested by Morality Police on 16 April for wearing non-conforming clothing, released a few hour later
24Mohsen Ghader-RashMiandoabMiandoab17 AprCivilianArrested after being summoned to IRGC Intelligence Organization in Miandoab
25Omid GhadernezhadMiandoabMiandoab17 AprCivilianArrested after being summoned to IRGC Intelligence Organization in Miandoab
26Mohsen Ahmadi AghdamMahabadMahabad17 AprCivilian
27Rasoul Yousefi-AzarMahabadMahabad17 AprCivilian
28Hassan Yousefi-AzarMahabadMahabad17 AprCivilian
29Omid ShahdadSarvabadSarvabad18 AprCivilian
30Omar HosseiniSarvabadSarvabad18 AprCivilian
31Ali HosseiniSarvabadSarvabad18 AprCivilian
32Fakhraddin ModarresiOshnaviehOshnavieh20 AprCivilian
33Davoud VeysiSaqqezSaqqez23 AprCivilian
34Amir FirouziSaqqezSaqqez23 AprCivilian
35Alireza Mohammadi ArshadPiranshahrPiranshahr24 AprCivilianTaken to Naqadeh Prison to serve 3 years and 7 months of imprisonment. Initially sentenced to 6 years and 11 months in prison of which 3 years and 7 months are enforceable.
36Esmaeil TajallaPiranshahrPiranshahr24 AprCivilianTaken to Naqadeh Prison to serve 3 years and 7 months of imprisonment. Initially sentenced to 6 years and 11 months in prison of which 3 years and 7 months are enforceable.
37Hiva MohammadiPiranshahrPiranshahr24 AprCivilianTaken to Naqadeh prison to serve 2 years of imprisonment
38Aram Khaledi-NasabPiranshahrPiranshahr24 AprCivilianTaken to Naqadeh Prison to serve 3 years and 7 months of imprisonment. Initially sentenced to 6 years and 11 months in prison of which 3 years and 7 months are enforceable.
39Mohammad (Diako) EbrahimiPiranshahrPiranshahr24 AprCivilianTaken to Naqadeh prison to serve 5 years of imprisonment. Initally sentenced to 14 years in prison of which 5 years are enforceable.
40Ehsan GolabiPiranshahrPiranshahr24 AprCivilianTaken to Naqadeh prison to serve 5 years of imprisonment. Initally sentenced to 14 years in prison of which 5 years are enforceable.
41Towfigh MahmoudiSanandajSanandaj25 AprLabour activistReleased after being summoned and interrogated for several hours by Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj
42Tayyeb ChataniSanandajSanandaj25 AprLabour activistReleased after being summoned and interrogated for several hours by Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj
43Rafigh KarimiSanandajSanandaj25 AprLabour activistReleased after being summoned and interrogated for several hours by Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj
44Keyvan RahimiSaqqezSaqqez28 AprCivil rights activist
45Khaled AhmadiSanandajSanandaj29 AprMember of Kurdistan Teachers’ Union
NameResident ofCharged withDate sentencedIssuing courtSentence
1Taregh RahimpourSanandajPropaganda against the state, cooperation with one of the opposition Kurdish parties of the Iranian governmentEarly AprBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj3 years imprisonment
2Majid KarimiSanandajPropaganda against the state 4 AprIslamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj3 months imprisonment including previous detention days, which was then commuted into a fine
3Bahman NaderiKermanshahPropaganda against the state through the publication of a call on social networks to hold public protests on the anniversary of the uprising of Women Life Freedom15 AprBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Kermanshah6 months imprisonment and payment of 80 million Rials fine
4Amjad SalehzadehSaqqezPropaganda activity against the Islamic Republic of Iran15 AprBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Saqqez 3 months imprisonment, which was commuted to a fine of 160 million Rials
5Hossein BourkehPiranshahrMembership and cooperation with one of the opposition Kurdish parties of Iranian governmentMid AprIslamic Revolutionary Court in Mahabad3 years and 6 months imprisonment and 1 year exile to Orumiyeh
6Soma Pour-MohammadiSanandajForming groups and factions with the intention of disrupting the security of the country20 AprBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Sanandaj10 years of exile imprisonment in Kermanshah prison
7Saman YasinKermanshahAssembly and collusion with the intention of committing a crime against the security of the country21 AprBranch 15 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Tehran5 years exile imprisonment in Babak prison in Kerman Province
8Diyar BakhtiariBukanCarrying incendiary and explosive materials, disobeying the officers while performing their duty, disturbing public peace and order27 AprBranch 101 of Criminal Court Two in Bukan15 months and 11 days of imprisonment and 30 lashes
9Matin SiyahiBukanCarrying incendiary and explosive materials, disobeying the officers while performing their duty, disturbing public peace and order27 AprBranch 101 of Criminal Court Two in Bukan15 months and 11 days of imprisonment and 30 lashes
10Soran MahmoudiPiranshahrMembership and cooperation with one of the opposition Kurdish parties of Iranian governmentLate AprBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Mahabad3 years imprisonment