Ethnic Rights Archives – KHRN

January 8, 2022

Iran jails woman activist over teaching Kurdish language

Kurdish literary and cultural woman activist Zahra (also Zara) Mohammadi presented herself today at the court of Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, to serve a five-year prison sentence. The court’s Enforcement of Judgements Office arrested the activist and transferred her to the Juvenile Detention Centre in Sanandaj. Mohammadi had been accused of allegedly “forming groups and societies with the aim of disrupting national security” over her activities, which…

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January 3, 2022

Iran upholds Kurdish language teacher’s five-year prison sentence

The five-year prison sentence of the Kurdish language teacher Zahra (also Zara) Mohammadi has been upheld. Authorities have asked that she turns herself in to serve her sentence. The ruling came after the Chief Justice of Iran’s northwestern Kurdistan province rejected Mohammadi’s lawyers’ appeal for her retrial under Article 477 of the Iranian Islamic Criminal Code. On 2 January, the Nozhin Socio-Cultural Association, which is headed…

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March 4, 2021

Iran intelligence threatens families, presses them to sign letter to UN against Kurdish political parties

Intelligence offices in various cities of Iranian Kurdistan have been summoning family members of some Kurdish political party members and threatening them to sign a letter addressed to the UN claiming the “abduction” of the party members, sources told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN). In the past few weeks, families have been summoned to the intelligence offices of Orumiyeh, Sanandaj, Marivan, Kamyaran, and Kermanshah….

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September 25, 2020

Civilians Killed by Security Forces

A Jeep vehicle was targeted by security forces near the village of Chavargah, Mahabad county, West Azerbaijan province, as a result of which all the four passengers of the car were killed, Sources told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN). According to reports, on the evening of Tuesday, September 16th, special forces of the Ministry of Intelligence and the Hamzeh base of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)…

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February 29, 2020

IRGC Exploits Earthquake Victims in Qotur

“The (Islamic Revolutionary Gaurd Corps (IRGC) has offered to rent out a tent to the earthquake-stricken people in Qotur (part of West Azerbaijan Province of Iran), asking the villagers to pay 35 thousand tomans a night if they need to hire a tent”, an informed source told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN). “In some villages, no assistance has been received from…

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August 26, 2019

A report on the Continued Detention of Kurdish Civilians and the Militarisation of Kurdistan Since July

According to statistics compiled by Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN), there has been an intense security crackdown in Kurdistan since July. At least 22 Kurdish civilians and activists have been arrested by forces of the Intelligence Service and Intelligence Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Marivan, Kamyaran, Sanandaj, Divandareh, Tehran and Sare-pole-zahab so far. Only one of these detainees, Amjad Seifi from…

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July 22, 2019

12 Kurdish Citizens Arrested by Iranian Border Guards in Kurdistan Region

A reliable source in the Kurdish region has told Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) that Piranshahr border guards had detained 12 Kurdish civilians from the Kurdistan province in Iraq and detained more than 400 sheep owned by these detainees. According to the source, yesterday at 03:00 am, a group of border guards of the Islamic Republic of Iran based in the border areas of the…

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July 17, 2019

Five Kurdish Activists Arrested in Marivan

Five Kurdish activists were arrested in Marivan and surrounding villages transferred to an unknown location by security forces affiliated with the Marivan intelligence Office and . A reliable source from Marivan has told Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) that the ministry of intelligence in Marivan had summoned four activists- Ali Rezaei and Omid Salehi, from the village of Gouzak Kavir, Fateh Hoshmand from the village…

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July 12, 2019

The Secretary of National Unity Party in Kurdistan Released on Bail

Farhad Mohammadi, a lawyer and secretary of the National Unity Party in Kurdistan, was released on bail. Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) has been informed that this lawyer was released from Sanandaj Central Prison at noon on Tuesday, July 9, 2019 after a 6-month detention on a heavy bail of 500 million Tomans. This activist was arrested on Jan 4, 2019 following the massive arrest of…

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Kurdistan Human Rights Network’s Annual Report

This report addresses the violations of the human rights of Kurdish civilians in Iran during the Iranian year 1402 (21 March 2023 – 19…

Monthly Report of March 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of February 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Extrajudicial executions: Ra’uf Sheikhi killing

Joint explanation of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN, or Network) and the Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran (ABC, or Center):…

Monthly Report of January 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Special report: 23 women killed, dozens arrested, sentenced, fired from jobs

This report details cases of femicide, suspicious deaths of women, as well as the arrest and imprisonment of Kurdish women activists and their removal…

Kurdistan Human Rights Network’s Annual Report – 2023

This 2023 report details human rights violations of the Kurds in Iran. As in previous years, the violations span across the spectrum of linguistic,…

Monthly Report of December 2023

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Monthly Report of November 2023

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of…

Extrajudicial Executions: Rebaz Salehivand Killing

Joint explanation of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (Network) and the “Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran (ABC): This case is a…

Extrajudicial Executions: Shahryar Mohammadi Killing

Joint explanation of the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (Network) and the “Abdorrahman Boroumand Center for Human Rights in Iran (ABC): This case is a…

Monthly Report of March 2024

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of Kurdish civilians in different regions and cities across Iran.

This report includes all cases recorded and reported by KHRN from across Iran through its own sources and verification mechanisms from 1 March to 31 March.

The restrictive environment for independent human rights organisations in Iran, coupled with the pressures faced by individuals subjected to human rights violations and their families, make it difficult to publish accurate and comprehensive reports.

It is therefore important to note that the statistics and information presented in this report do not cover all cases of human rights violations. This report is the result of examining news and reports published by the KHRN and fact-checking of reports published by other human rights organisations and news websites.


According to KHRN’s findings, Iran executed at least four prisoner in March for “premeditated murder”.

Two of the prisoners were executed in Mahabad Prison, in West Azerbaijan Province, and two in Ilam Central Prison.

*Explanation: The KHRN, recognizing the fundamental right to life, publishes and records news and execution statistics without regard to the ethnic background of individuals and the location of the execution. All cases reported to the organisation by credible sources are published after thorough fact-checking.


In the first half of March, three women were killed by their male family members in Orumiyeh and Kermanshah.

Landmine explosions

In March, landmine explosions resulted in injuries to four people, including two kolbars, in Mehran in Ilam Province, Paveh in Kermanshah Province, and Marivan in Kurdistan Province.

Kolbars and tradesmen

In March, at least five kolbars were shot dead by Iranian border guards, two died of frostbite, two died as a result of falling from the border heights, one was tortured to death by Iranian security forces, one died of a heart attack, one died in a road accident and another died as a result of the overturning of a car chased by police.

A total of 60 kolbars were injured during this period. Of these, 38 were shot by Iranian border guards, nine fell from heights at the border, four were injured in landmine explosions, three were beaten by border guards, two were beaten by Iraqi border guards, two were injured in road accidents, one was injured by stones thrown by border guards, and one was injured in a car that fell from heights at the border.

The identities of three of the kolbars injured in falls from border heights remain unknown and are therefore not included in the table in this report.

Detentions and arrests

Throughout March, Iranian forces arrested at least 20 civilians, including a child and two artists.

At least four of the detained civilians were sent to prisons in Marivan, Saqqez, Naqadeh, and Ilam to serve prison sentences.


In the past month, Iranian courts have sentenced at least four people to punishments ranging from three months to 13 years in prison.

Security forces wound two young men

On 21 March, security forces attacked a group of young people in Kermanshah, Kermanshah Province, for playing music and having fun. As a result of the forces’ shooting, two Kurdish youths, Mohammad Ahmadian and Arman Basiri, were seriously injured in the leg.

The incident took place in the Eastern Park near the historical site of Tagh-e Bostan.

  • Executions
  • Femicide
  • Landmine explosions
  • Kolbars and tradesmen
  • Detentions and arrests
  • Sentences
NameFromCharged withExecution dateExecution locationExplanation
1Fakhraddin MangournezhadOshnaviehPremeditated murder7 MarMahabad prison
2Abbas DadvarMahabadPremeditated murder7 MarMahabad prison
3Moein SalavarzizadehAbdanan, Ilam ProvincePremeditated murder11 MarIlam Central Prison58 years old, executed after 32 years of imprisonment for killing his brother
4Mansour MansouriSarableh, Ilam ProvincePremeditated murder11 MarIlam Central Prison34 years old, his execution was carried out faster due to the pressure of the security institutions on the victim’s family
NameIncident locationIncident dateExplanation
1Ziba SayyadOrumiyeh10 Mar27 years old, divorced after enduring domestic violence for a long time, shot dead by ex-husband shortly after the divorce
2Parivash BayatKermanshah14 MarMaryam Razmjou’s mother, shot dead by son-in-law
3Maryam RazmjouKermanshah14 MarShot dead by husband due to a family dispute, her brother Sadegh Razmjou was also killed in the shooting
NameLocation of incidentDate of incidentStatusExplanation
1UnknownMehran5 MarInjured
2UnknownMehran5 MarInjured
3Mohammad MiraniPaveh7 MarAmputationKolbar, landmine explosion in the border areas of Nowsud
4Aboubakr RostamianMarivan7 MarInjuredKolbar, landmine explosion in the border areas of Nowsud
NameFromIncident locationIncident dateDead/InjuredExplanation
1Fardin (surname unknown)MarivanNowsud1 MarInjuredShot by border guards
2Ali ZarghamiTakabSaqqez3 MarKilledShot by border guards
3Raouf GhaderiSaqqezBaneh3 MarInjuredShot by border guards
4Fakhraddin YousefiBanehBaneh4 MarInjuredShot by border guards
5Arash GheysarianBanehBaneh4 MarInjuredShot by border guards
6Ata HosseiniPavehNowsud6 MarKilled32 years old, shot by border guards, died on 14 March due to the severity of his injuries
7Afshin NazariSalas-e BabajaniNowsud6 MarInjuredBeaten by border guards
8Zanyar SayahiBanehBaneh6 MarInjuredFather of two, shot by border guards
9Edris KhakpourSaqqezSaqqez6 MarInjuredShot by border guards at close range after being beaten by them
10Mehdi AnvariSaqqezSaqqez6 MarInjured23 years old, shot by border guards
11Arsalan NazariDalahuNowsud6 MarInjuredShot by border guards
12Heydar (surname unknown)SaqqezSaqqez6 MarInjuredShot by border guards at close range after being beaten by them
13Mohammad MiraniPavehNowsud7 MarInjuredAmputation due to a landmine explosion at the border of Nowsud
14Aboubakr RostamianMarivanNowsud7 MarInjuredLandmine explosion
15Bahman BadriJavanrudNowsud8 MarInjuredFall of car from heights
16Fayegh BehniaSaqqezNowsud8 MarInjuredShot by border guards
17Hiva RahimniaBaneh8 MarInjuredShot by border guards at close range after being beaten by them
18Aram ManouchehriMarivanMarivan9 MarDiedOverturning of the car during the police chase
19Hadi (surname unknown)Nowsud11 MarInjuredShot by border guards
20Massoud MansouriNowsud11 MarInjuredShot by border guards
21Omid MoradiMarivanNowsud11 MarInjuredHit by stones thrown by border guards
22Mohammad (surname unknown)Nowsud11 MarInjuredShot by border guards
23Naseh MohammadiSalas-e BabajaniNowsud11 MarinjuredRoad accident
24Akam Veys-MoradiSalas-e BabajaniNowsud11 MarinjuredRoad accident
25Mansour AziziHawraman, MarivanNowsud12 MarinjuredFell from border heights
26Khabat FarajiSanandajNowsud12 MarInjuredBeaten by border guards
27Teymour TahmasebiDalahuNowsud12 MarInjured32 years old, father of two children, shot by border guards
28Mohammad GanjehPiranshahrPiranshahr12 MarKilledShot by border guards
29Mohammad TowfighiBanehBaneh13 MarInjuredShot by border guards
30Hassan RastgouSardashtNowsud13 MarInjuredFell from border heights
31Khalil ShogarSardashtNowsud13 MarInjuredFell from border heights
32Sheikheh (surname unknown)SardashtNowsud13 MarInjuredFell from border heights
33Seyvan BaterMarivanMarivan13 MarDiedRoad accident
34Alan MohammadiMarivanMarivan13 MarInjuredShot by border guards
35Saadi HosseiniBanehBaneh13 MarInjuredShot by border guards
36Shadman ShokriPavehNowsud13 MarInjuredShot by border guards
37Farough SeydiJavanrudNowsud14 MarInjuredShot by border guards
38Shahrokh VelianehSanandajNowsud14 MarInjuredShot by border guards
39Kosar AhmadiSanandajNowsud14 MarInjured24 years old, shot by border guards
40Keyhan AhmadiSanandajNowsud14 MarInjured42 years old, shot by border guards
41Ahmad NabizadeganSardashtBaneh14 MarinjuredBeaten by Iraqi border guards
42Kavan RostamiKamyaranBaneh15 MarInjuredBeaten
43Rahim MohammadzadehRabat, SardashtBaneh16 MarKilledTortured to death by security forces who then threw his body down from mountain heights
44Afshar BabaeiSarvabadNowsud16 MarInjuredShot by border guards
45Nouri Darreh-ZiyaratSaqqezBaneh16 MarInjuredShot by border guards
46Sirous MoradiKamyaranThe border of Iraqi Kurdistan16 MarInjuredBeaten by Iraqi border guards
47Soleyman AminiBanehBaneh19 MarInjuredShot by border guards
48Milad MohammadiJavanrudNowsud22 MarInjured15 years old, fell from border heights
49Peyman AhmadiJavanrudNowsud23 MarKilledShot by border guards
50Soran AbdiBaneh24 MarKilledShot by border guards
51Mohammad Bayer MohammadiJavanrudNowsud24 MarDiedHeart attack
52Hastiyar AbdolkarimiDivandarrehSaqqez24 MarDied15 years old, frostbite
53Milad HosseiniDivandarrehMarivan24 MarInjured16 years old, shot by border guards
54Arvin HaghaniSaqqezBaneh24 MarInjuredShot by border guards
55Jamil AbdiJavanrudNowsud24 MarInjuredShot by border guards
56Saeid SalousiPiranshahrPiranshahr25 MarDied33 years old, frostbite
57Reza NazariNowsud25 MarInjuredShot by border guards
58Raouf AhmadiSardashtSardasht26 MarInjuredLandmine explosion
59Jabbar AhmadzadehSardashtSardasht26 MarInjuredLandmine explosion
60Mohammad YousefiNowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
61Mohammad MahmoudiNowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
62Ehsan NazariNowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
63Omid ShamsiNowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
64Yasin (surname unknown)Nowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
65Saman RostamiNowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
66Gholamreza FeyziNowsud26 MarInjuredShot by border guards
67Shoresh ShokriMarivanHawraman, Sarvabad28 MarDiedFell from border heights
68Siamak YounesiHawraman, Sarvabad28 MarInjuredFell from border heights
69Aboubakr MakhouzifardSardashtSardasht28 MarDiedFell from border heights
NameDetention locationDetention dateActivityLocation held and latest status
1Shahab DarabiEslamabad-e Gharb1 MarCivilian
2Khabat VeysiMarivan2 MarStudentTaken to Marivan Prison to serve 15 months
3Soleyman AbdiSaqqez3 MarKurdistan Teachers Union activistTaken to Saqqez Prison to serve 8 months
4Ramin GorganiKamyaran5 MarCivilian
5Farzad MahmoudpourOshnavieh5 MarCivilian arrested during 2022 anti-government protestsTaken to Naqadeh Prison to serve 5 years
6Faryad GhaderiSarvabad, Kurdistan province10 MarFormer political prisonerArrested after being summoned to the Sanandaj Public Prosecutor’s Office
7Foad ShabaniSanandaj14 MarCivilianDetained after being summoned to the Ministry of Intelligence, released after several hours of interrogation
8Saman Rahman-PanahSaqqez14 MarCivilian arrested during 2022 anti-government protests
9Hamzeh Molla-HassanMahabad17 MarCivilian
10Kamal Galavi-AzarMahabad17 MarCivilian
11Mardin GagoshiPiranshahr17 MarCivilian15-year-old child
12Shahram ShahiOshnavieh17 MarCivilian
13Fakhraddin AhmadiOshnavieh17 MarCivilian
14Rahim SalamatOshnavieh17 MarCivilian
15Amir RahmaniOshnavieh18 MarCivilian
16Saber EbrahimiOshnavieh19 MarCivilian24 years old
17Hassan KakaeiBukan23 MarArtistArrested for singing in Newroz celebrations in Bukan
18Simko NasrollahiBukan24 MarCivilian35 years old, one of the organisers of Newroz celebrations
19Kianoush CheraghiDehloran24 MarCivilianTaken to Ilam prison to serve sentence
20Mohammad AbbaszadehIlam27 MarArtistArrested after taking part in Newroz celebrations in Ilam
NameResident ofCharged withDate sentencedIssuing courtSentenceExplanation
1Sasan Chaman AraIlamPropaganda activity against the state for the benefit of hostile groups and media9 MarBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Ilam3 months of imprisonment including the period of previous detention and payment of 200 million rials fine
2Omid GhadimiDivandarrehMembership of Komala, propaganda against the state, spreading falsehoods11 MarIslamic Revolutionary Court of DivandarrehTotal of 40 months in prison, fine of 85 million rialsTwo thirds of imprisonment postponed for one year
3Zanyar FattahianBukanPropaganda against the state, inciting people with the intention of disturbing national security12 MarBranch 101 of Criminal Court Two in Bukan18 months imprisonment
4Mohammad Taher HosseinpourNaqadehEnmity against God (moharebeh) through membership of one of the opposition partiesMid MarchBranch One of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Mahabad13 years of imprisonmentPrisoner was informed of sentence while in prison