Investigations carried out by the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) show that many Kurdish civilians and activists from Iran became victims of human rights violations in April 2023.

The followings are the detailed information collected by the KHRN statistics and documentation centre regarding these violations.

Killings of civilians

At least two Kurdish civilians were killed by Iranian military forces in April. Eynollah Ghadernezhad was shot in Oshnavieh, West Azerbaijan province, on 2 April and Sajjad Chamani was killed in Kermanshah, Kermanshah province, on 10 April.


On 6 April, two kolbars drowned in a dam in the border areas of Baneh, Kurdistan province, and their bodies were found by volunteers after 10 days of searching.

In addition, a kolbar was killed after a military vehicle ran over him in the Hangeh-ye Zhal border area on 20 April.

Landmine explosions

At least three people, including two children, were injured in landmine blasts in Qasr-e Shirin and Sanandaj in the past month.

Detentions and arrests

Throughout April, Iranian forces detained at least 15 people in Kurdistan. These included three activists and two Kurdish Sunni clerics.

Two of the detainees were sent to prison to serve prison sentences.

Prison sentences

Last month, Branch Two of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Orumiyeh sentenced Kurdish political prisoner Nayeb Askari to death for the second time. It charged the prisoner with “enmity against God” (moharebeh) through “membership” in the Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK).

Iranian courts also sentenced one person to two years in prison and another to two years of suspended imprisonment.

Killings of Civilians

NameLocation of incidentDate of incidentExplanation
1Eynollah GhadernezhadOshnavieh2 AprShot by military forces
2Sajjad ChamaniKermanshah10 AprShot by military forces


NameFromIncident locationIncident dateDead/injuredExplanation
1Afshin FalahiBanehBaneh border areas6 AprDrownedDrowned in Abbas Abad dam in Baneh
2Mehdi RahmatiSaqqezBaneh border areas6 AprDrownedDrowned in Abbas Abad dam in Baneh
3Mohammad Latif AhmadpourBanehHangeh-ye Zhal border areas20 AprKilledRan over by military forces vehicle

Landmine explosions

NameLocation of IncidentDate of incidentStatusExplanation
1UnknownQasr-e Shirin10 AprInjuredEmployee of demining department
2Arshia NouriSanandaj27 ApInjured9-year-old child
3Pishrou SamadiSanandaj27 ApInjured11-year-old child

Detention and arrests

NameDetention locationDetention dateActivityLocation held and latest status
1Fakhraddin EbrahimiOrumiyeh3 AprCivilianReleased on bail
2Farough AhmadiMahabad3 AprKurdish Sunni ClericUnknown
3Abdolghader GhaderiMahabad3 AprKurdish Sunni ClericUnknown
4Sakineh ParvanehMashhad4 AprFormer political prisonerMashhad Central Prison
5Fariba Zand-KarimiSanandaj5 AprWomen's right activist, teacherTaken to Ministry of Intelligence detention centre in Sanandaj
6Omid Shah-MohammadiDivandarreh8 AprTeachers' Union ActivistDetained to serve 1-year prison sentence
7Zhina Modares GorjiSanandaj10 AprWomen's right activist, journalistTaken to Juvenile Detention Centre in Sanandaj
8Mehdi ErfaniQorveh15 AprCivilianUnknown
9Kaveh SalehiBukan15 AprCivilianUnknown
10Osman AsadiOshnavieh15 AprCivilianDetained to serve 3 years and 8 months in prison
11Kamal LotfiDehgolan16 AprCivilianUnknown
12Siamak HiyasiBukan19 AprCivilianUnknown
13Alan DaghdarBukan19 AprCivilianUnknown
14Saleh AhmadiBukan20 AprPharmacistTaken to a security detention centre in Orumiyeh
15Soleiman JavidBukan20 AprPharmacy employeeReleased after a day in detention

Prison sentences

NameResident ofCharged withDate sentencedIssuing courtSentenceExplanation
1Hossein Ali-MoradiSanandaDisturbing public opinion3 AprSpecial Clerical Court of Hamadan2-year suspended imprisonmentDirector of Ebrahim Khalilollah School of Religious Studies in Sanandaj
2Nayeb AskariOrumiyehEnmity against God (moharebeh) through PJAK membership15 AprBranch 2 of the Islamic Revolutionary Court of Orumiyeh Death penaltyKurdish political prisoner, sentenced to death for second time
3Ebrahim Janeh-FardBukanCollaboration with a Kurdish opposition party24 AprBranch 110 of Criminal Court of Bukan2 years in prisonFormer Kurdish opposition party member