Investigations carried out by the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) show that many Kurdish civilians and activists from Iran have become victims of human rights violations in November 2021.
The followings are the detailed information collected by the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) statistics and documentation centre regarding these violations.
On 3 November, Iran executed a prisoner named Manouchehr Kazemi in Ghezel Hesar Prison of Kermanshah.
Kazemi, who was from Harsin in Kurdistan province, was sentenced to the death penalty on charges of premeditated murder.
This is the only case in which the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) has been informed through its sources. But the number of those executed is likely to be higher.
|Name||From||Charged with||Execution date||Execution location||Explanation|
|1||Manouchehr Kazemi||Harsin||Premeditated murder||3 November||Ghezel Hesar Prison in Karaj||33-year-old, resident of Tehran|
Statistics suggest that at least four women were killed by men in Iranian Kurdistan in the past month.
Two women were killed by the men they refused to marry. One was shot by her husband for an unknown reason, while another was killed in a family dispute.
Three of the cases took place in Kermanshah province and one in Hamedan.
|1||Asiyeh Akbari||Sonqor, Kermanshah||1 November||Killed due to family dispute|
|2||Arezou Olfati||Kermanshah||3 November||Killed by cousin after she refused to marry him|
|3||Negar Ahmadi||Asad Abad, Hamedan||5 November||Killed by the man who wanted to marry her|
|4||Sorayya Yari||Kermanshah||22 November||44-year-old, husband killed her and committed suicide using a gun|
Kolbars and Tradesmen
In November, at least 14 Kurdish civilians either died or were injured working as kolbars.
Iranian border forces shot at least 11 kolbars in the country’s western borders, killing 10 and wounding another.
On 17 November, a child kolbar committed suicide after border forces confiscated his mules in Paveh, Kermanshah province.
A Kurdish tradesman also lost his life in the border areas of Orumiyeh on 2 November.
Also, a landmine explosion in Hangeh-ye Zhal village in Baneh, Kurdistan province, injured a kolbar on 14 November.
|Name||From||Incident location||Incident date||Dead/injured||Explanation|
|1||Arkan Mostafaei||Shushami||Shushami border areas||1 November||Injured||25-year-old, Shot by border forces|
|2||Veysi Badini||Orumiyeh||Orumiyeh border areas||2 November||Dead||Kurdish tradesman, father of two, border forces confiscated his cattles|
|3||Mohammad Khodaei||Kani Seyf village in Baneh||Kani Seyf village in Baneh||4 November||Dead||28-year-old, Shot by border forces|
|4||Karim Khandedar||Mir Sheykh Heydar||Dopazeh height, Kele border in Sardasht||8 November||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|5||Arvin Shokati||Saheb||Hangeh-ye Zhal village in Baneh||14 November||Injured||Landmine explosion|
|6||Soroush Rahmani||Hani Garmaleh village in Paveh||Paveh||17 November||Suicide||Child kolbar committed suicide after border forces confiscated his mules|
|7||Salaheddin Ali-Veysi||Salas-e Babajani||Nowsud border areas||21 November||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|8||Saadi Rahimi||Janvareh village in Marivan||Nowsud border areas||22 November||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|9||Pouria Veysi||Nowsud||Nowsud border areas||22 November||Injured||40-year-old, Shot by border forces|
|10||Faryad Veysi||Nowsud||Nowsud border areas||22 November||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|11||Milad Ahmadi||Salas-e Babajani||Nowsud border areas||22 November||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|12||Ehsan Habibi||Marivan||Nowsud border areas||22 November||Injured||26-year-old, Shot by border forces|
|13||Nihad Mohammadpour||Zharazhi village, Orumiyeh||Darreh-ye Bonar, Margavar district in Orumieyh||22 November||Injured||25-year-old, Shot by border forces|
|14||Seyyed Ezzaddin Bayazidi||Baveleh village in Piranshar||Piranshahr border areas||28 November||Injured||Shot by border forces|
During November, at least five workers lost their lives in work accidents in Marivan in Kurdistan province, Salas-e Babajani in Kermanshah province, and Mahabad in West Azerbaijan province.
|Name||Location of incident||Date of incident||Dead/injured||Description|
|1||Unknown||Marivan||5 November||Dead||Falling into the garden well|
|2||Unknown||Ezgeleh city in Salas-e Babajani||15 November||Dead||Worker of Hawasan Ezgeleh Company|
|3||Unknown||Ezgeleh city in Salas-e Babajani||15 November||Dead||Worker of Hawasan Ezgeleh Company|
|4||Salah Khaledi||Mahabad||28 November||Dead||35-year-old, worker of Mahabad Water and Sewage Company|
|5||Bahman Mohammad Karimi||Mahabad||29 November||Dead||31-year-old, Fall from building|
Detentions and Arrests
In November, Iranian security forces detained at least 42 people, including two children, a journalist, and six activists in various cities across Iranian Kurdistan.
Four of these people were jailed in prisons in Orumiyeh, Mahabad, and Bukan.
|Name||Detention location||Detention date||Activity||Location held and latest status|
|1||Sina Minaei||Oshnavieh||2 November||Child||Unknown|
|2||Abdollah Yousefi||Oshnavieh||2 November||Child||Unknown|
|3||Anvar Sheikheh||Piranshahr||2 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|4||Iraj Ebadi||Sanandaj||7 November||Author and journalist||Unknown|
|5||Salah Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|6||Rafigh Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|7||Manaf Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|8||Behzad Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|9||Karim Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|10||Aboubakr Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|11||Loghman Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|12||Farhad Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|13||Farzad Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|14||Ahmad Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|15||Arsalan Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|16||Kamran Pezeshki||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|17||Saeid Rashidi||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|18||Jamal Morovvat||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|19||Osman Mohammadpour||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|20||Saeid Ghaderi||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|21||Kurdo Hosseinpour||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|22||Ali Chomani||Baneh||11 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|23||Mohammad Ahmadi||Ney village in Marivan||13 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|24||Farid Derakhshani||Ney village in Marivan||13 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|25||Keivan Minouei||Ney village in Marivan||13 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|26||Edris Bahramian||Ney village in Marivan||13 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|27||Abdolrahman Afshar||Ney village in Marivan||13 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|28||Abdolahman Eshtak||Ney village in Marivan||13 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|29||Mohsen Ahmadzadeh||KosehKahriz village in Mahabad||13 November||Civilian||Taken to Mahabad Prison|
|30||Sivan Menbari||Niyar village in Sanandaj||14 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|31||Arash Menbari||Niyar village in Sanandaj||14 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|32||Zanyar Menbari||Niyar village in Sanandaj||14 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|33||Milad Menbari||Niyar village in Sanandaj||14 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|34||Aram Moradian||Sanandaj||14 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|35||Shahnaz Sadeghifar||Orumiyeh||14 November||Political activist||Taken to Orumiyeh Central Prison|
|36||Simko Maroufi||Bukan||Early November||Environmental activist||Detained to serve one-year sentence, taken to Bukan prison|
|37||Jahangir Sagharnia||Piranshahr||17 November||Environmental activist||Released on bail|
|38||Khabat Khatial||Piranshahr||17 November||Environmental activist||Released on bail|
|39||Zagros Rashidi||Baneh||17 November||Civilian||Unknown|
|41||Milad Hatef||Piranshahr||Mid-November||Civil rights activist||Unknown|
|42||Arastou Mollarahimi||Mahabad||20 November||Civil rights activist||Detained to serve seven-months and 16-days sentence, taken to Mahabad prison|
In the past month, Iranian courts sentenced at least five people to prison sentences varying from one to 10 years in prison.
|Name||Resident of||Charged with||Date sentenced||Issuing court||Sentence||Explanation|
|1||Mahmoud Niroumand||Kalat, Razavi Khorasan||Propaganda against the state, acting against national security||Early November||Islamic Revolutionary Court in Mashhad||10 years in prison||Currently imprisoned in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad|
|2||Fatemeh Karimi||Abadan||Membership in Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (KDPI)||Early November||Branch 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court in Saqqez||One year in prison||Sentence issued in absentia|
|3||Chiya Aghabeigpour||Bukan||Acting against national security in favour of Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (KDPI)||Late November||Islamic Revolutionary Court in Bukan||18 months in prison, 60 lashes, fined to pay 30 million Tomans|
Anti-trafficking Forces Kill Kurdish Civilian
On 7 November, a Kurdish civilian named Farhad Zandi was shot dead by anti-trafficking forces on the Sanandaj-Dehgolan road.
A relative of Zandi told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) that a special patrol of the anti-trafficking department near Qeruchay village of Dehgolan opened fire on Zandi’s car.
“He was not carrying any [smuggled] goods, and he was shot in the head and killed on the spot”, the relative added.
Kurdish Prisoner ‘Tortured to Death’, says family
On 2 November, a Kurdish prisoner named Khosrow Jamalifar lost his life in Sanandaj prison. The prisoner’s family claimed that he was tortured to death by prison officers. Prison authorities denied the claim, citing suicide by taking pills as the cause of the prisoner’s death.
Jamalifar, 26, who was in Sanandaj prison for about two years on “murder” charges, was severely beaten by prison officers on 2 November after fighting with several other prisoners. They then transferred him to solitary confinement.
Kurdish Civilians Likely Tortured to Death
On 15 November, the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in Naqadeh, West Azerbaijan province, summoned the families of two Kurdish civilians As’ad Ramin and Davoud Rahimi and informed them that the two civilians had been shot dead during their detention.
Earlier, however, reports were published saying that the two men had been detained wounded on 1 September after IRGC forces opened fire at their car. They were likely killed under torture.
Security forces refused to return the bodies to their families and barred them from holding public funerals.
Kurdish Asylum-seeker dies due to illness
On 22 November, a 25-year-old asylum-seeker named Bakhtiyar Musazadeh lost his life due to illness after arriving in Germany.
Reportedly, the young man fell ill while passing through Belarus in the cold weather.