Investigations carried out by the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) show that many Kurdish civilians and activists from Iran have become victims of human rights violations in December 2021.
The followings are the detailed information collected by the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) statistics and documentation centre regarding these violations.
In December, Iran executed six prisoners in the central prisons of the northwestern cities of Sanandaj, Kurdistan province, and Orumiyeh, West Azerbaijan province.
These include the secret execution of the Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani and five other executions over premeditated murder charges.
These are the cases on which the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) has been informed through its sources. But the number of those executed is likely to be higher.
|Name||From||Charged with||Execution date||Execution location||Explanation|
|1||Sivan Hosseini||Shian village of Sanandaj||Premeditated murder||11 December||Sanandaj Central Prison||35-year-old, arrested 4 years ago|
|2||Heydar Ghorbani||Kamyaran||Armed insurrection by membership in KDPI||19 December||Sanandaj Central Prison||Secretly executed without informing family or lawyer|
|3||Moghaddam Alizadeh||Unknown||Premeditated murder||31 December||Orumiyeh Central Prison|
|4||Hossein Abbaszadeh||Unknown||Premeditated murder||31 December||Orumiyeh Central Prison|
|5||Hamdollah Alemi||Unknown||Premeditated murder||31 December||Orumiyeh Central Prison|
|6||Feizollah Ghorbani||Unknown||Premeditated murder||31 December||Orumiyeh Central Prison|
On 5 December, Sahar Moradi, a young mother of two children was beaten to death by her brothers in Sanandaj.
|1||Sahar Moradi||Baba Riz village of Sanandaj||5 December||Mother of two, 32-years-old, beaten to death by brothers|
Kolbars and Tradesmen
At least 4 Kurdish civilians were injured working as kolbars in the first third of December.
Two of these kolbars were injured following shootings by Iranian border forces in the country’s western borders.
One kolbar fell from mountain heights and another was injured in a landmine explosion.
|Name||From||Incident location||Incident date||Dead/injured||Explanation|
|1||Yaghoub Galineh||Galineh village of Sardasht||Dolabi border of Sardasht||2 December||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|2||Ghobad||Kuzaran||Nowsud border areas||7 December||Injured||Fell from height|
|3||Zahed Ghadernezhad||Bani Hu village of Selas-e Babajani||Nowsud border areas||9 December||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|4||Karim Ghaderi||Sabadlu village of Baneh||Baneh border areas||Early December||Injured||Landmine explosion|
In December, landmine blasts killed two and injured three civilians in Iranian Kurdistan.
Reportedly, one of the civilians who lost his life was a 10-year-old child from Eslamabad-e Gharb in Kermanshah province.
|Name||Location of Incident||Date of incident||Status||Description|
|1||Karim Ghaderi||Baneh border||Early December||Injured||Kolbar|
|2||Unknown||Parvizkhan border of Qasr-e Shirin||11 December||Injured||Explosion on a hill at Parvizkhan border|
|3||Unknown||Farah Abad village of Dehloran||12 December||Injured||From the nomads of the region|
|4||Amir Reza Rezaei-Majd||Dehloran||26 December||Dead||10-year-old, from Eslamabad-e Gharb in Kermanshah province|
|5||Ebrahim Bahremand||Penjwin, Kurdistan Region of Iraq||26 December||Dead||Shepher in the villages of Penjwin|
During December, at least two workers lost their lives in work accidents.
|Name||Location of incident||Date of incident||Dead/injured||Description|
|1||Soheib Rahbari||Paveh||11 December||Dead||Falling in a rock crushing machine, 30 years old, resident of Hajij village|
|2||Ehsan Khosravi||Hawraman-e Takht||20 December||Dead||Worker in Kurdistan Region of Iraq, death due to electric shock and falling from a height|
Detentions and Arrests
In the last month of the year, Iranian security forces detained at least 30 people, including a 16-year-old child, a cleric, an artist, a former political activist, and four activists in various cities across Iranian Kurdistan.
Six of these people were jailed in prisons in Mahabad, Marivan, and Bukan.
Four were detained for attending the funeral of the executed Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani and one for posting about him on social media.
|Name||Detention location||Detention date||Activity||Location held and latest status|
|1||Ghassem Azizian||Mahabad||1 December||Civilian||Detained to serve 28 months in prison, taken to Mahabad Prison|
|2||Shahram Mangour||Mahabad||1 December||Child||16-year-old child, from Kani Rash village of Mahabad|
|3||Saadi Menbari||Niar village of Sanandaj||5 December||Civilian||Released on bail|
|4||Siamak Menbari||Niar village of Sanandaj||5 December||Civilian||Held at detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj|
|5||Zanko Masoudi||Malqarani village of Saqqez||5 December||Civilian||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj|
|6||Mohammad Fadavi||Malqarani village of Saqqez||5 December||Civilian||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj|
|7||Rahmatollah Salehian||Malqarani village of Saqqez||5 December||Civilian||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj|
|8||Loghman Molani||Mahabad||7 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|9||Khoman Ahmadi||Mahabad||7 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|10||Bayazid Jahangiri||Mahabad||7 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|11||Jalal Vafaei||Bukan||8 December||Civilian||Detained to serve 5 months in prison, taken to Bukan Prison|
|12||Mohammad Nikpey||Ney village of Marivan||9 December||Civilian||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Marivan|
|13||Farough Nikpey||Ney village of Marivan||9 December||Civilian||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Marivan|
|14||Mohammad Haji Rasoulpour||Bukan||9 December||Civilian||Detained to serve 5 months in prison, taken to Bukan Prison|
|15||Sherko Tabnak||Bukan||11 December||Civilian||Detained to serve 5 months in prison, taken to Bukan Prison|
|16||Kazhal Nasri||Sanandaj||12 December||Civil rights activist||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj|
|17||Farhang Eyvazi||Sanandaj||12 December||Civil rights activist||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Sanandaj|
|18||Zana Kasraei||Marivan||14 December||Civilian||Detained to serve one year in prison, taken to Marivan Prison|
|19||Sarhang Abdollahzadeh||Naqadeh||19 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|20||Farzin Abdollahzadeh||Naqadeh||19 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|21||Amanj Ghorbani||Kamyaran||21 December||Enviromental activist||Detained for attending funeral of executed Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani|
|22||Pouria Javadi||Ilam||21 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|23||Maryam Haghgou||Ilam||21 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|24||Karim Pourmohammad||Piranshahr||21 December||Civilian||Unknown|
|25||Mohammad Mirza Rahmani||Kamyaran||22 December||Cleric||Detained for attending funeral of executed Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani|
|26||Borhan Kamangar||Kamyaran||23 December||Former political prisoner||Detained for attending funeral of executed Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani|
|27||Sirvan Ghorbani||Kamyaran||23 December||Civil activist||Detained for attending funeral of executed Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani|
|28||Kianoush Rahmani||Kamyaran||27 December||Civilian||Detained for posting on executed Kurdish political prisoner Heydar Ghorbani|
|29||Peiman Rahmani||Paveh||Late December||Civilian||Taken to detention centre of Ministry of Intelligence in Kermanshah|
|30||Khaled Karimnia||Saqqez||28 December||Artist||Detained to serve one month in prison|
In December, the Criminal Courts of Mahabad and Bukan sentenced four individuals to various prison sentences.
While two were charged with “aiding and abetting the murder of a member of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)”, two others were accused of “acting against national security”.
|Name||Resident of||Charged with||Date sentenced||Issuing court||Sentence||Explanation|
|1||Sherko Agoushi||Piranshahr||Aiding and abetting murder of a member of IRGC||Late December||Branch 103 of Criminal Court of Mahabad||10 years and one day in prison||Environmental activist|
|2||Hossein Alvand-Kouhi||Mahabad||Aiding and abetting murder of a member of IRGC||Late December||Branch 103 of Criminal Court of Mahabad||10 years and one day in prison||Currently held in Naqadeh Prison|
|3||Kamal Abbasivand||Bukan||Acting against national security||Late December||Branch 101 of Criminal Court of Bukan||6 months in prison||Currently held in Naqadeh Prison|
|4||Sherko Ahmadpouri||Bukan||Acting against national security||Late December||Branch 101 of Criminal Court of Bukan||6 months in prison|