Investigations carried out by the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) show that many Kurdish civilians and activists from Iran have become victims of human rights violations in August 2022.
The followings are the detailed information collected by the KHRN statistics and documentation centre regarding these violations.
In August, Iran executed a prisoner in Arak Central Prison, Markazi province, over drug-related charges.
This is the only execution case in the past month on which the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) has been informed through its sources. But the number of those executed is likely to be higher.
Throughout the past month, one woman was killed by her husband and another by her family members.
Kolbars and tradesmen
In August, forces of the Border Guard Command and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) killed at least seven kolbars and injured 14 others, including a 16-year-old boy, in the country’s western border areas.
In addition, two kolbars, including a 17-year-old boy, were injured in two separate landmine explosions in the Hangeh-ye Zhal border area in Baneh, Kurdistan province.
Also, on 27 August, a young tradesman from Nowdesheh, Kermanshah province, identified as Majed Mohammadi-Motlagh, 30, was injured after the police opened fire on his car.
In the past month, four civilians, including two kolbars, were injured by landmine blasts and another civilian was killed due to the explosion of the remnants of Iran-Iraq war.
Detentions and arrests
Throughout August, Iranian forces detained at least 41 people in Iranian Kurdistan. These were reported to be six activists and 35 civilians.
At least seven of these people were jailed to serve prison sentences.
In August, Iranian courts sentenced nine people to prison sentences varying from five months to 16 years.
At least eight workers from Iranian Kurdistan died in work accidents throughout August.
While seven of these incidents took place across cities in Iran, one worker lost his life falling from a building in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Iran banned commemoration of PJAK senior member
On 6 August, the former co-chair of the Democratic and Free Society of Eastern Kurdistan (Kodar) and a member of the executive committee of the Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK), Yousef Rabbani (also known as Rezan Javid) lost his life during a joint operation by Iranian and Turkish intelligence agencies in the city of Qamishlo in Syrian Kurdistan (also known as Rojava), in northeast Syria. He was targeted by the drones of the Turkish army.
Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and the Intelligence Organisation of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) prohibited the continuation of the memorial service held for Rabbani by his family in Mahabad, West Azerbaijan province.
Kurdish woman prisoner attempted suicide
On 18 August, a Kurdish woman prisoner named Saada Khedirzadeh who had given birth to her child in prison attempted to commit suicide in protest against the ongoing uncertainty regarding her case and pressure of the security agencies on the women’s ward of Orumiyeh Central Prison.
A few days after her suicide attempt, Iranian state-affiliated Mizan News Agency aired a video of her confession, in which she denied committing suicide. Human rights organisations view the broadcast of these forced confessions as the continuation of the pressure on Khedirzadeh and her child in prison.
|Name||From||Charged with||Execution date||Execution location||Explanation|
|1||Mehdi Nour-Karami||Shirvan and Chardavol||Drugs||10 Aug||Arak Central Prison||Executed after 3 years in prison|
|1||Sorayya Zanganeh||Kermanshah||18 Aug||Killed by husband with hunting rifle, 57 years old|
|2||Aysal Doudmani||Garnavik village of Qatur||27 Aug||Killed by family members|
Kolbars and tradesmen
|Name||From||Incident location||Incident date||Dead/injured||Explanation|
|1||Mohammad Ghaderi||Salas-e Babajani||Nowsud border||1 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|2||Hazhar Faraji||Baneh||Sardab border||7 Aug||Killed||Shot by border forces, 29 years old|
|3||Keyvan Alipour||Saqqez||Kileh border in Baneh||8 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|4||Mohammad Amin Ahmadi||Lajani village||Oshnavieh border||9 Aug||Killed||Shot by border forces, 30 years old|
|5||Abdollah Ahmadi||Lajani village||Oshnavieh border||9 Aug||Injured||Shot by IRGC forces|
|6||Aziz Saberi||Dizaj village of Margavar||Oshnavieh border||9 Aug||Injured||Shot by IRGC forces, 45 years old|
|7||Abdollah Hajari||Baneh||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||10 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|8||Mohammad Naderi||Salas-e Babajani||Sheykh Salleh border||12 Aug||Killed||Shot by IRGC forces, 23 years old|
|9||Esmaeil Mesri||Salas-e Babajani||Nowsud border||14 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|10||Shirzad (Last name unknown)||Marivan||Nowsud border||14 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|11||Saman Mohammadzadeh||Baneh||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||15 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|12||Fazel Ahmadi||Saqqez||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||15 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|13||Ali Abkar||Bukan||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||15 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|14||Yousef Gheytasi||Bukan||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||15 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|15||Arsalan Rahmani||Saqqez||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||15 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|16||Amanj Azarpour||Saheb||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||17 Aug||Injured||Landmine explosion, 17 years old|
|17||Mahmoud Osmani||Jang Sar village of Salmas||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||17 Aug||Injured||Landmine explosion, lost body part|
|18||Rahim Mohammadi||Baneh||Hangeh-ye Zhal border in Baneh||19 Aug||Killed||Shot by border forces, 37 years old|
|19||Farshad Khaledi||Paveh||Nowsud border||23 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces, 16-year-old child kolbar|
|20||Rebwar Rashidi||Baneh||Barvishkani border in Baneh||26 Aug||Killed||Shot by border forces, 34-year-old father of a child|
|21||Aras Mohammadpour||Sardasht||Baneh border||28 Aug||Killed||Lost his life after 5 days in hospital, 32-year-old father of two|
|22||Jafar Khazoum||Sardasht||Nukan border in Sardasht||30 Aug||Injured||Shot by border forces|
|23||Saleh Rashidzadeh||Sardasht||Baneh border||31 Aug||Killed||Shot by border forces, 23 years old|
|Name||Location of Incident||Date of incident||Status||Explanation|
|1||Amanj Azarpour||Hangeh-ye Zhal border of Baneh||17 Aug||Injured||17-year-old kolbar|
|2||Mahmoud Osmani||Hangeh-ye Zhal border of Baneh||18 Aug||Lost body part||Kolbar|
|3||Unknown||Ghalavizan border of Mehran||18 Aug||Injured||Member of demining team|
|4||Unknown||Ghalavizan border of Mehran||18 Aug||Injured||Member of demining team|
|5||Khosrow Jandarou||Qasemabad village of Gilan-e Gharb||28 Aug||Killed||Explosion of remnants of Iran-Iraq war|
Detentions and arrests
|Name||Detention location||Detention date||Activity||Detention location and latest status|
|1||Navid Kohnehpoushi||Marivan||2 Aug||Environmental Activist||Detained after being summoned to the Ministry of Intelligence in Marivan|
|2||Aram Afzali||Sanandaj||2 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|3||Omid Shadikhah||Oshnavieh||3 Aug||Civilian||Released on bail|
|4||Kazem Tabnak||Oshnavieh||4 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|5||Zamaneh Zivieh||Saqqez||9 Aug||Civil rights activist||Detained to serve 2 month and 15 days in Saqqez Prison|
|6||Sina Minaei||Oshnavieh||9 Aug||Civilian||Detained to serve 3 years in Naqadeh Prison|
|7||Mohammad Karimikhah||Bukan||11 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|8||Esmaeil Karimi||Bukan||12 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|9||Mohammad Salimi||Saqqez||13 Aug||Environmental Activist||Detained to serve 11 months in Saqqez Prison|
|10||Nasser Ahmadzadeh||Mahabad||13 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|11||Hakim Mirzaei||Bimzorteh village of Oshnavieh||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|12||Hiva Mirzaei||Bimzorteh village of Oshnavieh||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|13||Arash Piri||Bimzorteh village of Oshnavieh||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|14||Zaher Moradi||Bimzorteh village of Oshnavieh||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|15||Anvar Peyghami||Oshnavieh||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|16||Ali Faroughi||Bukan||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|17||Younes Tanhaei||Hamzeh Abad village||14 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|18||Amir Hosseinzadeh||Sarab Qamish village||15 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|19||Mostafa Balaz||Sarab Qamish village||15 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|20||Jalal Amini||Bukan||15 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|21||Jalal Mahmoudi||Mahabad||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|22||Amir Bayazidi-Azar||Laj village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|23||Shahram Bayazidi-Azar||Laj village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|24||Kambiz Bayazidi-Azar||Laj village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|25||Chiya Pirzad||Laj village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|26||Peyman Tahazadeh||Gavmish Goli village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|27||Ahmad Gargin||Gavmish Goli village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|28||Eslam Feyzi||Gavmish Goli village||16 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|29||Soleiman Salek||Mahabad||18 Aug||Civilian||Detained after being summoned to the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Piranshahr|
|30||Hamed Mahmoudi||Baneh||20 Aug||Civilian||Detained to serve one year in Baneh Prison|
|31||Hossein Mahmoudi||Bukan||20 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|32||Aboubakr Mam-Esmaeil||Qezeljeh village of Mahabad||21 Aug||Civilian||Released after several hours|
|33||Kazem Mam-Esmaeil||Qezeljeh village of Mahabad||21 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|34||Kamil Mam-Esmaeil||Qezeljeh village of Mahabad||21 Aug||Civilian||Released after several hours|
|35||Omid Ebrahimi||Oshnavieh||22 Aug||Civilian||Detained after being summoned to the Ministry of Intelligence in Oshnavieh|
|36||Jamal Alavi||Mahabad||23 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|37||Hemin Abdi||Shahin Dezh||23 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|38||Fardin Rahimi||Sanandaj||23 Aug||Civil rights activist and member of Zhiyanawa Campaign||Detained to serve 5 months in Sanandaj Prison|
|39||Nasser Daleh||Shin Abad village of Piranshahr||26 Aug||Civilian||Unknown|
|40||Marzieh Morad-Veysi||Sanandaj||31 Aug||Civil rights activist and member of Zhiyanawa Campaign||Detained to serve 5 months in Sanandaj Prison|
|41||Sirvan Abdollahi||Sanandaj||31 Aug||Civil rights activist and member of Zhiyanawa Campaign||Detained to serve 5 months in Sanandaj Prison|
|Name||Resident of||Charged with||Date sentenced||Issuing court||Sentence||Explanation|
|1||Naskah Esmaeili||Sardasht||Acting against national security by joining ISIS||Early Aug||Islamic Revolutionary Court of Orumiyeh||19 months imprisonment||Currently in Orumiyeh Central Prison|
|2||Mohammad Birdal||Kurdistan region in Turkey||Acting against national security by joining PKK, financial supporting opposition groups||Early Aug||Maku court||16 years imprisonment||4 years of sentence enforceable|
|3||Hossein Alvand-Kouhi||Mahabad||Taking up arms and fighting IRGC||Early Aug||Criminal court of Mahabad||7 years and one day imprisonment||Court of first instance sentenced to 10 years and one day|
|4||Marzieh Morad-Veysi||Sanandaj||Propaganda against the state, acting against national security||Mid Aug||Branch 4 of Court of Appeals in Kurdistan province||5 months imprisonment, 4 years suspended imprisonment||Previously sentenced by Branch 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj to 2 years in jail|
|5||Sirvan Abdollahi||Sanandaj||Propaganda against the state, acting against national security||Mid Aug||Branch 4 of Court of Appeals in Kurdistan province||5 months imprisonment, 4 years suspended imprisonment||Previously sentenced by Branch 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj to 2 years in jail|
|6||Mehdi Seyfi||Sanandaj||Propaganda against the state, acting against national security||Mid Aug||Branch 4 of Court of Appeals in Kurdistan province||5 months imprisonment, 4 years suspended imprisonment||Previously sentenced by Branch 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj to 2 years in jail|
|7||Fardin Rahimi||Sanandaj||Propaganda against the state, acting against national security||Mid Aug||Branch 4 of Court of Appeals in Kurdistan province||5 months imprisonment, 4 years suspended imprisonment||Previously sentenced by Branch 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj to 2 years in jail|
|8||Ali Allah-Veysi||Sanandaj||Propaganda against the state, acting against national security||Mid Aug||Branch 4 of Court of Appeals in Kurdistan province||5 months imprisonment, 4 years suspended imprisonment||Previously sentenced by Branch 1 of Islamic Revolutionary Court of Sanandaj to 2 years in jail|
|9||Loghman Ghaderi||Piranshahr||Acting against national security by joining KDPI||Late Aug||Branch 102 of Criminal Court in Piranshahr||2 years, 2 months and 16 days imprisonment|
|Name||Location of incident||Date of incident||Dead/injured||Explanation|
|1||Mardin Salamatian||Bukan||Early Aug||Dead||Child worker, burned during fire in mechanical repair shop|
|2||Kamran Salavati||Qom||3 Aug||Dead||29-year-old from Sanandaj, burned with molten material|
|3||Rahmat Soleimani||Naqadeh||6 Aug||Dead||36-year-old from Mahabad, fell from height while welding|
|4||Amir Reza Parhoude||Gilan-e Gharb||9 Aug||Dead||Child worker, got stuck in elevator of confectionery factory|
|5||Mohammad Ghadimi||Baneh||11 Aug||Dead||Gas-poisoning while digging well|
|6||Ali Yousefi||Oshnavieh||13 Aug||Dead||Fell from building|
|7||Barzan Yousefi||Kurdistan Region of Iraq||23 Aug||Dead||Fell from building|
|8||Hossein Olfati||Dalahu||31 Aug||Dead||Electricity department employee, death due to electrocution|