Publications Archives – Page 7 of 11 – KHRN

September 8, 2019

Over 40 Kurdish Activists Detained, Interrogated in Sanandaj

The Iranian Ministry of Intelligence has arrested “more than 40 Kurdish activists and civilians” in the cities of Sanandaj, Kamyaran, Marivan, Saqqez, Baneh and Divandarah over the past months for “political and religious activities,” local sources told the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN). The KHRN has learned that detainees are all currently held at the Ministry of Intelligence Detention Centre “undergoing interrogation and pressure.” The KHRN…

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February 6, 2019

Special Report: 40 Sunni Prisoners Pressured to Make False Confessions in TV Documentary

According to the information obtained by Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN), more than 40 Sunni civilians in various cities of Kurdistan have been arrested by security forces on charges of religious activities during the past seven months. These people from Sanandaj, Kamyaran, Marivan, Baneh and Saqqez are all currently being held at the Ministry of Intelligence Detention Centre in Sanandaj. A number of these detainees…

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January 24, 2019

Special Report: Iran invents scenario to execute Kurdish activists

Ten detained Iranian Kurdish activists are under pressure to make false confessions, with influential imams and officials demanding their immediate execution. Recent changes to the administrators and security apparatus of Iran’s Kurdestan province and other Kurdish populated regions are the main factors behind the alarming security measures used to crack down on Kurdish activists. The arrests were made following militarisation of Kurdish cities, towns and villages in Iran, where Kurdish…

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November 28, 2018

Civil Protesters Summoned, Interrogated and Threatened with Murder by Security Forces

Since the victory of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Revolution, Kurdistan has always witnessed massive civil protests for various reasons. Recent protests concerned the execution of political prisoners, support for the referendum on the independence of the Iraqi Kurdistan, Iran’s attack on the headquarters of democratic parties in the Kurdish region, the high rate of inflation and education reformation. According to Article 27 of the Constitution…

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November 1, 2018

The Protected Areas of Shaho and Kosalan Destroyed by Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps

Since 2008, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) have destroyed a large part of Shaho and Kosalan areas known as protected areas by building military bases in the highlands of Shaho and Koshelan mountains in addition to carrying out massive military operations on the pretext of fighting the forces of Kurdish parties. The Protected areas of Shaho and Kosalan with an area of 57,236…

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May 9, 2018

Week in Brief: #RaminHosseinPanahi

The “Week in brief” by Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) is a weekly review of the most important human rights news and developments from and about Iran’s Kurdish areas. Lawyer says Kurdish death row political prisoner faced torture, unfair trial Ahmadi Niaz, lawyer of Kurdish death row political prisoner Ramin Hossein Panahi, has said in a statement that the Iranian authorities had mistreated Panahi in prison…

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April 27, 2018

Weeks in Brief: Iran Kurds Denied Rights

The “Week in brief” by Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) is a weekly review of the most important human rights news and developments from and about Iran’s Kurdish areas. This item covers the most important human rights news reported in the past two weeks on 15 and 16 April from Iran’s Kurdish region. Iran’s IRGC gunman kills four in Divandarreh A local member of the Islamic Revolutionary…

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April 10, 2018

Week in Brief: Kurdish Female Prisoners

The “Week in brief” by Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) is a weekly review of the most important human rights news and developments from and about Iran’s Kurdish areas. Iranian Kurdish woman to serve six months in jail for anti-state propaganda Iranian Kurdish activist Runak Aghayi has been taken to Mahabad prison to serve her six-month jail sentence, which was approved by the Oroumiyeh Court…

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April 3, 2018

Week in Brief: Stop Killing Kolbars

The “Week in brief” by Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) is a weekly review of the most important human rights news and developments from and about Iran’s Kurdish areas. Iran court sentences Kurds to several years in prison on propaganda charges The Sanandaj Appeal Court has approved a prison sentence of eight-and-a-half years for Afshin Hossein Panahi and a five-year jail sentence for his relative Ahmad…

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Iran court sentences Sunni Kurdish cleric to 16 months in jail

The Special Clerical Court in Hamadan, in north-west Iran, has sentenced Sunni Kurdish cleric Hossein Ali-Moradi to 16 months in prison. Ali-Moradi, who is…

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Iran executes three prisoners for charges related to drugs, murder

Prisoners Eghbal Fathollahi, Mohsen Emraei, and Shahram Mohammad-Beygi were executed today on charges related to “drug trafficking” and “premeditated murder” in Ghezel Hesar Prison…

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Iran border guards shoot kolbar, critical at Kermanshah hospital

Habib Rezaei, a 52-year-old kolbar who was seriously injured by gunfire from Iranian border guards in the border area of Nowsud, Kermanshah Province, is…

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Three prisoners moved to solitary confinement for execution in Karaj

At least three prisoners previously sentenced to death for drug-related offences were today transferred to solitary confinement for execution in Ghezel Hesar Prison in…

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Kurdish prisoner of conscience at imminent execution after final family visit

Kurdish prisoner of conscience Ayoub Karimi is facing imminent execution in Ghezal Hesar Prison in Karaj, Alborz Province, after his family’s final visit. On…

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Iran border guards fatally shoot kolbar in Nowsud

Iranian border forces opened fire on a group of kolbars in the border area of the city of Nowsud, Kermanshah Province, on 26 November,…

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Child kolbar fatally shot by Iranian border guards in Baneh

Iranian border guards fatally shot Farough Alizadeh, a 17-year-old kolbar from Rabat, Sardasht County, West Azerbaijan Province. The incident took place on the morning…

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Concerns grow over fate of forcibly disappeared Kurdish civilian

One year after Kurdish civilian Osman Mama was arrested and forcibly disappeared during the anti-government uprising of Women Life Freedom, there is still no…

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Kurdish kolbar fatally shot by Iranian border forces in Baneh

Asaad Hasanpour, a 25-year-old kolbar from from Saqqez, Kurdistan Province, who was wounded by Iranian border guards in the Hangeh-ye Zhal border area of…

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Kurdish prisoner of conscience faces imminent risk of execution

Death row Kurdish prisoner of conscience Ayoub Karimi was moved to solitary confinement in Ghezel Hesar Prison in Karaj, Alborz Province, on 21 November,…

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Iran executes two prisoners for drug-related charges in Karaj

Death row prisoners Mohammad Andishkouh and Moslem Jamshidi were executed today on drug-related charges in Ghezel Hesar prison in Karaj, Alborz Province. The two…

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Monthly Report of October 2023

In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of Kurdish civilians in different regions and cities across Iran.

This report includes all cases recorded and reported by KHRN from across Iran through its own sources and verification mechanisms from 1 October to 31 October.

The restrictive environment for independent human rights organisations in Iran, coupled with the pressures faced by individuals subjected to human rights violations and their families, make it difficult to publish accurate and comprehensive reports.

It is therefore important to note that the statistics and information presented in this report do not cover all cases of human rights violations. This report is based on a review of news and reports provided by the KHRN and a review of reports from other human rights organisations and news agencies.


According to KHRN’s findings, Iran executed at least nine prisoners on drug-related charges in the prisons of Hamadan, Rasht, Khorramabad, Karaj and Khoy during the month of October.

These are the executions the KHRN has been informed of by its sources. However, the number of those executed is likely to be higher.

Civilian killings

On 28 October, Iranian state news agencies reported that a 16-year-old girl, Armita Geravand, had died after spending 28 days in a coma in the intensive care unit of Tehran’s Fajr Hospital.

Geravand was transferred to a military hospital on 1 October, and numerous news reports stated that she had been physically assaulted by government agents on the Shohada line of the Tehran metro because of her hijab.

According to various reports, Geravand had “no vital signs” from the moment she was admitted to the hospital and remained in a coma throughout her stay.

The British newspaper The Guardian reported on 5 October, citing two eyewitnesses, that Geravand had been subjected to a “physical assault” by a female morality police officer in a metro carriage. According to one witness, the morality police officer ‘violently pushed her’ after an argument.

Additionally, Iranian security forces arrested at least 15 activists and civilians, including Mohammad Geravand, a relative of Armita Geravand, during the teenager’s funeral at the Behesht-e Zahra cemetery in Tehran on 29 October.


At least four women have been killed by their male family members in Sardasht, Piranshahr, Bukan and Orumiyeh in the past month.

Kolbars and tradesmen

In October, at least three kolbars were shot dead and 13 others injured by Iranian border guards in the western border areas of the country.

Landmine explosions

On 17 October, Peshawa Aliyar, a civilian from Baneh, was killed by a landmine explosion in Sulaimaniya, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Work-related accidents

On 20 October, Martin Hossein-Panahi, a 16-year-old child labourer, was killed in a factory accident in Sanandaj.

Detentions and arrests

Throughout October, Iranian forces arrested at least 29 activists and civilians, at least two of whom were imprisoned.

Prison sentences

Last month, Iranian courts sentenced at least 11 people to prison terms ranging from four months to 10 years.

Also, civilian Gholamreza Rasaei and Kurdish political prisoner Nayeb Askari were sentenced to death.

Askari, who was previously sentenced to death in absentia by the Branch Two of the Islamic Revolutionary Court in Orumiyeh, West Azerbaijan Province, on charges of “armed insurrection” through membership of the Kurdistan Free Life Party (PJAK), was sentenced to death again following a retrial request and several in-person court sessions at the same branch.

  • Executions
  • Civilian killings
  • Femicide
  • Kolbars
  • Landmine explosions
NameFromCharged withExecution dateExecution locationExplanation
1Hossein BahremandRabat, SardashtDrugs11 Oct Hamedan
2Hossein MohammadiBukanDrugs12 Oct Lakan, Rasht
3Yasser GolzardianKuhdashtDrugs17 OctKhorramabadExecuted after about 6 years of imprisonment
4Sajjad MoradiDrugs17 OctKhorramabad
5Fathollah RashnoKuhdashtDrugs19 OctKhorramabad
6Vahid KakavandKuhdashtDrugs19 OctKhorramabad
7Khosrow NaghianiKuhdashtDrugs22 OctKaraj Central Penitentiary30 years old, executed after about 5 years of imprisonment
8A. M.Drugs24 OctKhoy
9Khalil MohammadiHarsinDrugs30 OctKhorramabad
1Armita GeravandTehran28 Oct16-year-old girl, beaten by morality police and died after 28 days in a coma
1Shahin EbrahimzadehSardasht5 Oct21 years old, suffocated by father and uncle
2Truskeh AbdollahzadehPiranshahr14 Oct21-year-old victim of child bride, suffocated and beaten to death bu father and uncle
3Sima AbbasiBukan21 OctAllegedly burnt herself for family disputes
4Vida Dehghan PiranjoughOrumiyeh24 OctKilled by brother
NameFromIncident locationIncident dateDied/InjuredExplanation
1Rahman JamshidiPavehNowdasheh1 OctInjuredShot by border guards
2Mohammad KhalediBanehHangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh1 OctKilledShot by border guards
3Fayegh Ali-MohammadiSaqqezBastam, Saqez4 OctInjuredShot by border guards
4Mowloud BishirPiranshahrDelavan, Piranshahr5 OctInjuredShot by border guards
5Safar RostamiSarpol-e ZahabHangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh7 OctInjuredShot by border guards
6 Amir KarimiSarvabadAnjiran, Marivan7 OctInjuredShot by border guards
7Mohsen ValiollahiJavanrudNowsud, Baneh9 OctInjuredShot by border guards
8Behrouz MoradiSalas-e BabajaniPaveh12 OctInjuredShot by border guards
9Emad MahmoudiSalas-e BabajaniPaveh12 OctInjuredShot by border guards
10Hedayat GhaderiSalas-e BabajaniPaveh12 OctInjuredShot by border guards
11Kamal AshtariBukanHangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh15 OctInjuredShot by border guards
12Farid Vatani RasoulMarivanNashkash village in Marivan18 OctKilledShot by border guards
13Zanko GohariBanehHangeh-ye Zhal, Baneh23 OctInjuredShot by border guards
14Mohsen AbdollahiBanehKileh border, Baneh24 OctKilledShot by border guards
15Sarvar SharifiBanehKileh border, Baneh28 OctInjuredShot by border guards
16Erfan MoradiJavanrudNowsud, Baneh30 OctInjuredShot by border guards
NameIncident locationIncident dateDied/InjuredExplanation
1Peshawa AliyarSulaymaniya, Kurdistan Region of Iraq17 OctDied25 years old, from Baneh