In its monthly reports, the Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) highlights cases of human rights violations in Kurdistan and violations of the rights of Kurdish civilians in different regions and cities across Iran.
This report includes all cases recorded and reported by KHRN from across Iran through its own sources and verification mechanisms from 1 November to 30 November.
The restrictive environment for independent human rights organisations in Iran, coupled with the pressures faced by individuals subjected to human rights violations and their families, make it difficult to publish accurate and comprehensive reports.
It is therefore important to note that the statistics and information presented in this report do not cover all cases of human rights violations. This report is the result of examining news and reports published by the KHRN and fact-checking of reports published by other human rights organisations and news websites.
According to KHRN’s findings, Iran executed at least 18 prisoners in Karaj, Orumiyeh, Kermanshah, Ardabil and Ilam during the month of November.
While seven prisoners were executed on charges of “premeditated murder” and nine for “drug trafficking”, prisoners of conscience Ghassem Abasteh and Ayoub Karimi were executed on charges of “spreading corruption on earth” (efsad-e fel arz) after 14 years in prison.
Additionally, one of these prisoners was Nazir Mohammad, an Afghan national, who was executed on drug-related charges in Ghezel Hesar Prison in Karaj.
*Explanation: The KHRN, recognizing the fundamental right to life, publishes and records news and execution statistics without regard to the ethnic background of individuals and the location of the execution. All cases reported to the organisation by credible sources are published after thorough fact-checking.
At least five women have been killed by their male family members in Gilabgharb and the village of Qazanchi in Kermanshah in the past month.
Kolbars and tradesmen
In November, at least three kolbars, including a 17-year-old child, were shot dead by Iranian border guards, one kolbar died as a result of a fall from the border heights and another died of frostbite in the western border areas of the country.
A total of 102 kolbars were injured during this period. Of these, 98 were shot by border guards, two fell from border heights, one was injured in a landmine explosion and one was beaten.
Among the injured kolbars shot by border guards were one 14-year-old, two 16-year-olds, six 17-year-olds, two 18-year-olds and three 19-year-olds.
On 7 November, at least one worker was killed in a work-related accident in the village of Sorkheh Dezaj in Sanandaj.
Detentions and arrests
Throughout November, Iranian forces arrested at least 31 civilians, including five children, eight activists, a rapper and an imam.
At least five of the detained civilians were sent to prisons in Tehran, Ilam, Saqqez and Sanandaj.
Last month, Iranian courts sentenced at least four people from Sanandaj to prison terms ranging from one year suspended imprisonment to five years in prison.